ProjectManagement2

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caekj
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260913
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ProjectManagement2
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2014-02-08 18:24:22
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  1. A(n) ____ defines specific tasks that an object can perform.A) attributeB) methodC) commandD) message
    B Method
  2. IT professionals recognize that successful systems must be user-oriented, and users need to be involved, formally or informally, at every stage of systems development.A) TrueB) False
    true
  3. What makes one system more complex than another is the number of components, the number of levels, and the degree of interaction among its processes, entities, data stores, and data flows.A) TrueB) False
    true
  4. n addition to describing each data element, data flow, data store, record, entity, and process, the data dictionary documents the relationships among these components.A) TrueB) False
    true
  5. Each activity within the systems analysis phase has an end product and one or more milestones.A) TrueB) False
    true
  6. Some ____, which are enormously popular handheld computers, can accept handwritten input, while others have small keyboards.A) PIMsB) laptopsC) PDAsD) Visios
    c. PDA
  7. A decision ____ is a graphical representation of the conditions, actions, and rules found in a decision table.A) baseB) treeC) iconD) index
    B.tree
  8. When companies use a ____, they already know the specific products or service they want and need to obtain price quotations or bids from vendors.A) request for quotation (RFQ)B) net present value (NPV)C) request for proposal (RFP)D) return on investment (ROI)
    A. RFQ
  9. When preparing a representative sample from a list of 200 customers who complained about errors in their statements, a ____ could ensure the sample is balanced geographically by selecting five customers from each of four zip codes.A) systematic sampleB) stratified sampleC) random sampleD) comprehensive sample
    c. random sample
  10. Although the traditional model of software acquisition still accounts for more software acquisition, a new model called ____ is changing the picture dramatically.A) Hardware as a HelpB) Software as a ServiceC) Processing as a ProductD) Storage as a Solution
    B) Software as a Service
  11. When DFDs are drawn, which of the following conventions should be followed?A) each context diagram must fit on one pageB) use the same names within each set of symbolsC) do not cross linesD) use a unique reference number for each process symbol
    a c d
  12. All relationships have equal weight; none is stronger than any other.A) TrueB) False
    B False
  13. A ____ is a document that describes a company, lists the IT services or products needed, and specifies the features required.A) request for quotation (RFQ)B) net present value (NPV)C) request for proposal (RFP)D) return on investment (ROI)
    C request for proposal
  14. In combination, the powerful tools that systems analysts use to provide a framework for rapid, efficient software development, is called a ____ environment.A) 2GLB) 3GLC) 4GL
    C 4 GL
  15. A DFD shows the structure and detailed contents of a data flow.A) TrueB) False
    B False
  16. In a DFD, the Gane and Sarson symbol for an entity is a ____.A) rectangle with rounded cornersB) line with a single or double arrowheadC) flat rectangle that is open on the right side and closed on the left sideD) rectangle, which may be shaded to make it look three-dimensional
    D) rectangle, which may be shaded to make it look three-dimensional
  17. Objects can have a specific attribute called a(n) ____, which describes the object’s current status.A) stateB) cycleC) instanceD) status
    A. State
  18. Some objects might have a few attributes; others might have dozens.A) TrueB) False
    true
  19. A method is like a blueprint, or template, for all the objects within a class.A) TrueB) False
    B) False
  20. IT professionals recognize that successful systems must be user-oriented, and users need to be involved, formally or informally, at every stage of systems development.A) TrueB) False
    .A) True
  21. Compared with traditional methods, the entire RAD process is expanded and, as a result, the new system is built, delivered, and placed in operation much later.A) TrueB) False
    B) False
  22. Compared with traditional methods, when properly used, JAD can result in ____.A) less expense and greater manageability if the group is too largeB) more accurate statement of system requirementsC) better understanding of common goalsD) stronger commitment to the success of the new system
    b c d
  23. A(n) ____ is a group of similar objects.A) aggregateB) concatenationC) classD) packet
    C. Class
  24. A graphic modeling program allows you to manage details of a complex project, create queries to retrieve specific information, and generate custom reports.A) TrueB) False
    b False
  25. Using Gane and Sarson symbols, a DFD represents processes as rectangles with rounded corners.A) TrueB) False
    A) True
  26. Because use cases depict a system through the eyes of a user, common business language can be used to describe the transactions.A) TrueB) False
    .A) True
  27. Empowerment makes an IT department less productive because it must spend more time responding to the daily concerns of users and less time on high-impact systems development projects that support strategic business goals.A) TrueB) False
    B) False
  28. System requirements fall into five general categories: outputs, inputs, processes, performance, and controls.A) TrueB) False
    .A) True
  29. In a DFD, the Gane and Sarson symbol for a data flow is a ____.A) rectangle with rounded cornersB) line with a single or double arrowheadC) flat rectangle that is open on the right side and closed on the left sideD) rectangle, which may be shaded to make it look three-dimensional
    B) line with a single or double arrowhead
  30. ____ is a typical example of a system requirement for the performance category.A) The purchasing system must provide suppliers with up-to-date specificationsB) Each input form must include date, time, product code, customer number, and quantityC) The manager of the sales department must approve orders that exceed a customer’s credit limitD) The student records system must produce class lists within five hours after the end of registration
    D) The student records system must produce class lists within five hours after the end of registration
  31. In a state transition diagram, the states appear as rounded rectangles with the state names inside.A) TrueB) False
    A) True
  32. ____ are especially important to a systems analyst who must work with people at all organizational levels, balance conflicting needs of users, and communicate effectively.A) Analytical skillsB) Artistic skillsC) Interpersonal skillsD) Confrontational skills
    C) Interpersonal skills
  33. A disadvantage of the four-model approach is that the requirements of a new information system always are quite different from the current information system, especially when the proposal is based on new computer technology rather than a large number of new requirements.A) TrueB) False
    false
  34. Personal observation allows a systems analyst to verify statements made in interviews and determine whether procedures really operate as they are described.A) TrueB) False
    true
  35. A major advantage of O-O designs is that systems analysts can save time and avoid errors by using ____ objects.A) dynamicB) feasibleC) modularD) linear
    C) modular
  36. Building an application in a Web-based environment might involve different risks and benefits, compared to a traditional environment.A) TrueB) False
    A) True
  37. Many firms feel that in-house IT resources and capabilities provide a competitive advantage because an in-house team can respond quickly when business problems or opportunities arise.A) TrueB) False
    A) True
  38. When planning a slide presentation to management at the end of the systems analysis phase, systems analysts should keep all of the following suggestions in mind except ____.A) summarize the primary viable alternativesB) ignore time for discussion and questions and answersC) explain why the evaluation and selection team chose the recommended alternativeD) obtain a final decision or agree on a timetable for the next step in the process
    B. ignore time for discussion and questions and answers
  39. A company considering outsourcing must realize that the solution can be only as good as the outsourcing firm that provides the service.A) TrueB) False
    A) True
  40. Outsourcing can refer to ____.A) relatively minor programming tasksB) the rental of software from a service providerC) the handling of a company’s entire IT functionD) BPO
    A) relatively minor programming tasksB) the rental of software from a service providerC) the handling of a company’s entire IT functionD) BPO
  41. An agile approach emphasizes continuous feedback, and each incremental step is affected by what was learned in the prior steps.A) TrueB) False
    A) True
  42. When you create a use case diagram, the first step is to identify the system boundary, which is represented by a ____.A) triangleB) circleC) rectangleD) square
    C) rectangle
  43. In addition to direct costs, systems developers must identify and document indirect expenses that contribute to the ____.A) TCOB) REJC) FDDD) UML
    .A) TCO
  44. When structured English is used, which of the following rules must be conformed to?A) use only the three building blocks of sequence, selection, and iterationB) use indentation for readabilityC) use a limited vocabularyD) avoid standard terms used in the data dictionary
    a b c
  45. Many firms feel that in-house IT resources and capabilities provide a competitive advantage because an in-house team can respond quickly when business problems or opportunities arise.A) TrueB) False
    true
  46. In a sequence diagram, a lifeline is identified by a(n) ____ line.A) solidB) dashedC) redD) curved
    B) dashed
  47. Wireless capability allows all of the following EXCEPT ____.A) Web accessB) synchronization with desktop computersC) random samplingD) e-mail
    C) random
  48. System documentation always is up to date.A) TrueB) False
    False
  49. An auto parts store inventory record might include ____.A) part numberB) supplier codeC) descriptionD) minimum stock levels
    A B C D

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