Chapter 9 Vocab

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  1. Mosque
    a religious and social institution at the center of Islamic culture
  2. Mihrab
    the niche indicating the direction of Mecca
  3. Minbar
    the puplit with an arched gateway opening at the lowest level
  4. Minaret
    a tower from which the faithful are called to prayer
  5. Qibla
    the wall of the prayer hall that is closest to Mecca
  6. Madrasa
    colleges for religious and legal studies
  7. Tugras
    caligraphic mark/signature
  8. Hypostyle Hall
    A hall with many columns
  9. Horseshoe arch
    Islamic looking archs that curve in a little in the middle
  10. Keel Arch
    a pointed arch having an S-shape on both sides
  11. Semicircular Arch
    a round arch drawn from a single center
  12. Pointed Arch
    an arch with a pointed crown, characteristic of Gothic architecture.
  13. Iwan
    large vaulted halls with rectangular plans and monumental arched openings
  14. Masqura
    area reserved for the ruler
  15. Caliph
    the chief Muslim civil and religious ruler, regarded as the successor of Muhammad. The caliph ruled in Baghdad until 1258 and then in Egypt until the Ottoman conquest of 1517; the title was then held by the Ottoman sultans until it was abolished in 1924 by Atatürk.
  16. Joggled Voussoir
    a wedge-shaped or tapered stone used to construct an arch.
  17. Ablaq Masonry
    black and white Islamic ornament of inlaid marble
  18. Muqarnas
    niche-like components stacked in tiers
  19. Chini Khana
    Panel of niches, used for shelving or decoration
  20. Wooden Strapwork
    interlacing strap-like bands
Card Set
Chapter 9 Vocab
Chapter 9 Vocabulary
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