Neonate and Infant

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Anonymous
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26102
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Neonate and Infant
Updated:
2010-07-08 21:27:58
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neonate infant
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neonate and infant introduction
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  1. Moro Reflex
    (birth-3 months) When startled the hands go out. Lack of this reflex means there IS brain damage
  2. tonic neck reflex
    (birth-7 months) the fencing position while laying on one side.
  3. babinski reflex
    (birth-variable) toes fan out
  4. acrocyanosis
    Newborns hands and feet are blue
  5. perinatology
    study and support of the fetus and neonate
  6. fontanelles
    unossified spaces "soft spots" on the cranium of the young infant
  7. Algo hearing screening test
    Series of soft clicks in sleeping infants ear.
  8. Neonates' Vitals
    • T; Axillary 96.8-99
    • hr; 120-160
    • R; 30-60
    • BP; 80/50
  9. Infants Vitals
    • T; rectal 99.6
    • HR; 100-120
    • R; 20-40
    • BR; 90/60
  10. Freud's Psychosexual Theory
    *Libido drives human behavior*

    • *ID: Inborn drive for pleasure
    • *Ego: concience based on reality
    • *Superego: concience influenced by society
  11. Freuds' stages of development
    • 1. oral stage: (birth-year) pacifiers, suckling
    • 2. anal stage: (2-3 years) potty training. Can create stubborn and controlling child with this implementation of rules
    • 3. phallic/oedipal stage: (4-5 years) Aware of sexual identity. intense love for parent of the opposite sex
    • 4. latency stage: (6 years-puberty) Influenced by peers
    • 5. genital stage: (puberty -on) libido takes over
  12. Erikson's Psychosocial Theory
    • 8 stages.
    • First stage: infancy
    • Trust vs. mistrust

    Consistantly meeting needs creates trust
  13. neonate body measurements
    • weight: 6-9lbs
    • Length: 9-21in
    • Height: grows 1in per month
    • Head: 13-14.5in
    • Chest: 12.5cm-14in (usually 2cm less than head)
  14. Infant body measurements
    In six months the weight doubles
  15. Physical developement in a neonate (birth-1month)
    • no neck support
    • eyes: strabismus (coocoo), @2months develope tears, blue/grey eyes
    • ears: top of flimsy ears should be eye level, immediate noise response
    • mouth: epsteins pearls lasting 1-2 days
    • abdomen: round, slightly protruding. Imbilicle cord falls off @ 10days
    • genitals: Females (slightly swollen) Male (palpable testes in scrotum)
  16. Infants' physical development
    • head: posterior fontinelles close @ 3months
    • neck: @ 3months able to hold head
    • eyes: @ 3-6monts true color , @2months response to faces, @3-6months recognition of familiar faces
    • ears: @ 3 months able to locate sound
    • mouth: 2 bottom teeth. @1 year top teeth
    • chest: becomes more proportioned to the head breast may be puffy
    • poop: Breast fed/bright mustard w/ low odor bottle fed/ yellow green w/ some odor
  17. neonate motor development
    • raise and turns head
    • sucking present
    • gag reflex
    • tonic neck reflex
    • babinski reflex
    • moro reflex
  18. Infants' motor development
    • @3-6months crawling and rolling
    • @ 6 months sit up without support
    • @ 9 months able to pull themselves up
    • @ 1 year able to walk
    • pincer grasp
  19. infants cognitive skills
    • @ 3-6 months recognize mom and dad
    • @ 6-9 months likes to bang things, recognizes name
    • @ 9-12 months like the pointing game
  20. Infants language skills
    • starts w/ touch
    • hold bottles
    • @ 1-4 months babbling and vowel sounds
    • @ 4-8 months 2 sylable words
    • @ 8-12 months 3 word vocab
  21. Infants play
    • @ 4-8 months solitary play
    • paddy cake
    • peekaboo
  22. Sleep and rest requirements
    • neonate: 18-20 hours
    • infant: @ 3-6 months they need 8-10 hours
  23. Infant health promotions
    • NO low fat food until after 2 years
    • no honey
    • more than 6 diapers a day
    • if dehydrated: elevated hr, fontinelle depressed (can lead to heart attack and stroke)
    • 100calories per kg a day
    • no cow milk till over 1
    • @ 4-6 months able to eat solid food
  24. Infants health promotion
    • feed on demand
    • breast feeding gives immunity
    • born w/ 6 months supply of iron
    • can give immunizations as early as one month
  25. cephalocaudal
    head to toe
  26. proximodistal
    center out
  27. growth and development assessment tools
    • growth charts-measures physical growth
    • DDST (Denver Development Screening Test)- motor skills

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