Alimentary Canal-Mosby Board Review questions

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Author:
jaxkaty5437
ID:
261037
Filename:
Alimentary Canal-Mosby Board Review questions
Updated:
2014-03-08 09:45:29
Tags:
Radiation Therapy
Folders:
Mosby Board Review questions,RTT Board Review
Description:
Radiation Therapy Alimentary Canal Mosby review questions
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  1. The junction of the transverse and descending colon takes place at the
    splenic flexure
  2. An out pouching or weakening of the intestinal wall most commonly seen in the large intestine is
    diverticulum
  3. The 1st portion of the small intestine is the ___ and is ____ long
    • duodenum
    • 25cm
  4. The longest segment of the normal human intestinal tract is the
    small bowel
  5. The most common histologic type of cancer for small bowel is
    adenocarcinoma
  6. The most common histologic type of cancer for stomach is
    adenocarcinoma
  7. The curative tx of choice for gastric cancer is
    surgery
  8. The most common presenting symptom of cancer of the stomach is
    vague epigastric discomfort
  9. What is cachexia
    weight loss caused by physiological malabsorption of nutrients
  10. What is a common complaint of patients with esophageal carcinoma
    dysphagia
  11. Is surgery used for tumors located in the upper 1/3 of the esophagus
    No as there is no proximal end to reconnect. These are treated with radiation and chemo
  12. What histologic type of cancer is found in the lower 1/3 of the esophagus
    adenocarcinoma
  13. What is the procedure called in which an incision is made through the abdominal wall to examine lymph nodes and establish disease extent
    exploratory laparotomy
  14. What is the procedure that resects the rectum and anus and installs an anterior colostomy
    • APR
    • abdominal perineal resection
  15. Common site of mets for colon cancer are
    • liver
    • lung
    • peritoneum
  16. Dietary factors assoc with increased risk of gastric cancers are
    • low consumption of fruits and veggies
    • and
    • high consumption of salted and smoked foods
  17. Radiation tx fields for cancer of the anus should include ____ lymph nodes
    inguinal
  18. A risk factor assoc with colon cancer is a history of
    colon polyps
  19. Patients scheduled for radiation therapy to the lower esophagus will likely experience
    nausea
  20. Patients scheduled for radiation therapy to the upper esophagus will experience
    dysphagia
  21. Intestinal tumors grow progressively thru the layers of the intestines in what order
    mucosa, submucosa, muscularis, serosa
  22. In anal cancer, an electron boost will be required for the superficial inguinal nodes determined to be 5cm deep from the anterior surface. What electron energy do we use?
    15 MeV
  23. Which patient position helps reduce the volume of small bowel in the pelvis
    prone
  24. To avoid exceeding the dose limits to the kidneys, the ____ technique is often employed when treating the pancreas
    3 field
  25. Which histologic type of bowel cancer has the best prognosis
    carcinoid
  26. MAC stage A for colorectal cancer correlates to the TNM stage ___
    0

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