U.S Gov. chp. 2 (1)

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Author:
hey_itsdarra
ID:
261113
Filename:
U.S Gov. chp. 2 (1)
Updated:
2014-02-09 19:06:56
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OHS Gov
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U.S Government
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3rd 9 weeks
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  1. Name the four sources from which America derives its basic concepts of government.
    • Babylonian Code  ­ 
    • Hebrew Law ­ 
    • The Romans  ­ 
    • Puritan Ethic
  2. Name the first landmark English documents and the rights given by each:
    • 1.) Magna Carta, 1215    
    • trial by jury
    • due process- basic legal protections
    • protection of private property
  3. Name the second landmark English documents and the rights given by each:
    • 2.) Petition of Right, 1628-- challenges divine right theory 
    •  -Trial by jury 
    •  -No martial law during peacetime 
    •  -No quartering troops
    •  -Rule of law- kings must obey the law
  4. Name the third landmark English documents and the rights given by each:
    • 3.) English bill of Rights, 1689— gives more power to the people 
    • Freedom from excessive bail
    • Freedom from cruel and unusual punishment 
    • No taxation without permission 
    • The king is prohibited from having a standing army during peacetime 
    • Free parliamentary election- by qualified voters
    • kings cannot suspend laws
    • right to petition and right to bear arms
  5. Describe the first type of English colonies and how they were governed:
    • 1.) Royal Colonies (8/13) 
    • -Governor chosen by the king 
    • -Bicameral legislature (two houses) 
    • -King has the power to veto
  6. Describe the second type of English colonies and how they were governed:
    • 2.) Proprietary Colonies (3/13) 
    • - Governed by a land owner
  7. Describe the third type of English colonies and how they were governed:
    • 3.) The Charter Colonies
    • - self governed (by the colonist)
  8. Examples of growing colonial unity
    • 1.) New England Confederation, 1643-­1681—to protect against native American attacks—failure ­ 
    • 2.) Albany Plan, 1754—Ben Franklin’s idea for a national gov’t—failure ­ 
    • 3.) Stamp Act Congress, 1754—colonies unite for the first time—success

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