Card Set Information
DENTAL INFECTION CONTROL PROGRAM
What is Dental infectious control?
infection control involves taking steps to prevent the spread of infectious agents.
the process of preventing the access of micro-organisms.
automated washer processor:
washer, sterilizer, dishwasher, or other mechanical washing device.
the use of rubber, plastic, plastic, paper, foil, or other fluid resistant materials to cover surfaces and protect them form contamination
the number of micro-organisms contaminating an object. also known as bioload or microbial load.
an unprocessed biological monitor from the same lot as the test monitor.
a bacterial endospore test designed to assess whether sterilization has actually occurred.
pathogenic micro-organisms that are present in human blood and capable of causing disease in humans.
a diagnostic test of a pre-vacuum sterilizer's ability to remove air from the chamber and prevent air reentrant.
the destruction or inhibition of most viruses and bacteria while in their active growth phase.
chemical dyes used to determine whether the conditions required for sterilization are met.
the presence or reasonably expected presence of blood or other potentially infections material on an item or surface.
the propagation and growth of micro-organisms or living tissue cells in or on a nutrient medium.
Dental item classification:
dental items are classified as critical, semcritical, or noncritical based on the pathways through which cross contamination.
instruments and material that penetrate the skin, mucous membranes, or bone.
instruments, equipment, or materials that frequently contact mucous membrane but cannot be sterilized due to their design or inability to withstand heat.
instruments, equipment, or materials that do not normally penetrate or contact mucous membranes but which are exposed to platter, spray, or splashing of blood, or are touched by contaminated hands.
a specific eye, mouth, or other mucous membrane, nonintact skin, or percutaneous exposure to blood or other potentially infectious materials
equipment or methods which isolate or remove bloodborne pathogens from the workplace
organisms capable of producing disease in appropriate hosts.
a surgical entry into the tissues, cavities, organs, or repair, of major traumatic injuries.
bacteria, fungi, viruses, and bacterial spores.
an infection originating in the environment of a hospital or freestanding DTF.
saturated steam sterilization:
a process which uses steam heat under preassure for sufficient length of time to kill all forms of micro-organisms
Sanitary sewer system:
a sewer system connected to a sewage treatment plant.
an accpetable method of cleaning and disinfecting.
Gravity displacement sterilizer:
a type of sterilizer in chich incoming steam displaces the residual air through a port or drain usually in or near the bottom of the chamber.
accepted exposure techniques for Gravity displacement sterilizer?
30 min @ 121-123c(250-254f) & 15-17PSI
15 min @ 132-135c(270-274f) & 30-32psi
a sterilizer which vacuum excursions at the beginning or end of the cycle. operating temps are 132-135c
the quantity of materials or supplies required to treat a single patient
infection control that treats all human blood and body fluids as if known to be infectious for HIV, HBV, and other bloodorne pathogens.
work practice controls
controls that reduce the likelihood of exposure by altering the way one performs a task.