BUMED 6600.10A

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BUMED 6600.10A
2014-02-09 20:13:46
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  1. What is Dental infectious control?
    infection control involves taking steps to prevent the spread of infectious agents.
  2. Def. Asepsis:
    the process of preventing the access of micro-organisms.
  3. automated washer processor:
    washer, sterilizer, dishwasher, or other mechanical washing device.
  4. Barrier Technique:
    the use of rubber, plastic, plastic, paper, foil, or other fluid resistant materials to cover surfaces and protect them form contamination
  5. bioburden:
    the number of micro-organisms contaminating an object. also known as bioload or microbial load.
  6. biological control:
    an unprocessed biological monitor from the same lot as the test monitor.
  7. Biological Monitor:
    a bacterial endospore test designed to assess whether sterilization has actually occurred.
  8. bloodborne pathogens:
    pathogenic micro-organisms that are present in human blood and capable of causing disease in humans.
  9. Bowie-dick test:
    a diagnostic test of a pre-vacuum sterilizer's ability to remove air from the chamber and prevent air reentrant.
  10. chemical disinfection:
    the destruction or inhibition of most viruses and bacteria while in their active growth phase.
  11. chemical indicator:
    chemical dyes used to determine whether the conditions required for sterilization are met.
  12. Contaminated:
    the presence or reasonably expected presence of blood or other potentially infections material on an item or surface.
  13. culture:
    the propagation and growth of micro-organisms or living tissue cells in or on a nutrient medium.
  14. Dental item classification:
    dental items are classified as critical, semcritical, or noncritical based on the pathways through which cross contamination.
  15. critical items:
    instruments and material that penetrate the skin, mucous membranes, or bone.
  16. semicritical items:
    instruments, equipment, or materials that frequently contact mucous membrane but cannot be sterilized due to their design or inability to withstand heat.
  17. Non-critical items:
    instruments, equipment, or materials that do not normally penetrate or contact mucous membranes but which are exposed to platter, spray, or splashing of blood, or are touched by contaminated hands.
  18. exposure incident:
    a specific eye, mouth, or other mucous membrane, nonintact skin, or percutaneous exposure to blood or other potentially infectious materials
  19. engineering controls:
    equipment or methods which isolate or remove bloodborne pathogens from the workplace
  20. infectious microorganisms:
    organisms capable of producing disease in appropriate hosts.
  21. invasive procedure:
    a surgical entry into the tissues, cavities, organs, or repair, of major traumatic injuries.
  22. micro-organisms:
    bacteria, fungi, viruses, and bacterial spores.
  23. nosocomial infection:
    an infection originating in the environment of a hospital or freestanding DTF.
  24. saturated steam sterilization:
    a process which uses steam heat under preassure for sufficient length of time to kill all forms of micro-organisms
  25. Sanitary sewer system:
    a sewer system connected to a sewage treatment plant.
  26. spray-wipe-spray
    an accpetable method of cleaning and disinfecting.
  27. Gravity displacement sterilizer:
    a type of sterilizer in chich incoming steam displaces the residual air through a port or drain usually in or near the bottom of the chamber.
  28. accepted exposure techniques for Gravity displacement sterilizer?
    • 30 min @ 121-123c(250-254f) & 15-17PSIĀ 
    • or
    • 15 min @ 132-135c(270-274f) & 30-32psi
  29. prevacuum sterilizer
    a sterilizer which vacuum excursions at the beginning or end of the cycle. operating temps are 132-135c
  30. unit dose
    the quantity of materials or supplies required to treat a single patient
  31. universal precautions
    infection control that treats all human blood and body fluids as if known to be infectious for HIV, HBV, and other bloodorne pathogens.
  32. work practice controls
    controls that reduce the likelihood of exposure by altering the way one performs a task.