chapter 4 notecards.txt

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Author:
mmills78
ID:
261134
Filename:
chapter 4 notecards.txt
Updated:
2014-02-09 20:32:54
Tags:
profmwinston
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Description:
chapter 4 sections 3,4,and 5
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  1. Mostly vitamin molecules used as a cofactor to bond with an enzyme and activate the enzyme
    coenzymes
  2. Combines with inactive enzymes to make the enzyme active
    cofactor
  3. Protein that catalyzes a specific biochemical reaction
    enzymes
  4. Essential organic molecules that human cells cannot synthesize meaning they must come from the diet
    vitamin
  5. Molecule that carries energy I a form cells can use, 3 main parts adenine, a ribosome, and 3 phosphates in a chain
    ATP adenosine diphosphate
  6. Is an ATP that loses its terminal (end) phosphate
    ADP adenosine diphosphate
  7. Powers the activity of life at the cellular lever all metabolic reactions involve energy at some level
    energy transfer
  8. Process of and ATP being resynthesized from an ADP by using energy released from cellular respiration to reattach a phosphate
    phosphorylation
  9. Capacity to change something; ability to do work; heat, light, sound, electrical, mechanical, and chemical
    energy
  10. Process of transferring energy to molecules such as glucose making it available for cellular use
    cellular respiration
  11. "burning" glucose molecules from food, energy released by this is harnessed to promote cellular metabolism
    oxidation
  12. Breaking down glucose 3 step method
    glycolysis
  13. Series of chemical reactions that oxidizes certain molecules transferring energy
    krebbs cycle (citric acid cycle)
  14. Series of oxidation reduction reactions that take high-energy electrons from glycolysis and citric acid cycle to form water and ATP
    electron transport chain
  15. Requires oxygen
    aerobic
  16. Does not require oxygen
    anaerobic
  17. Important enzyme in oxidation reduction reactions; formally transfers a hydride ion
    NAD/NADH nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide

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