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is a series of sketches, drawings or photographs used to plan and prepare for filming (one may consider storyboards as virtual shoots in this sense).
- generally save time on-set.
- help to avoid rushed decisions on-set.
- helps you improve and get feedback on ideas.
- help to give you an idea of how many cameras and camera angles you’ll need.
- help you prepare for any special and visual effect shots.
- help you to experiment with different angles and techniques.
- help to orientate actors and crew members.
- helps with the overall pre-production of the film.
- can be used as a base for filming.
- can help with continuity.
- bring your ideas to reality!
is used to brainstorm and capture all the ideas
before taking action.
CLOSE-UP SHOT or CU:
Subject does not fill frame but is not in full view. E.g. Waist to head.
BIG CLOSE UP or BCU:
Subject fills screen fully. E.g. Actors face.
HIGH CAMERA ANGLE:
Camera looks down to subject. E.g. From a crane.
LEVEL CAMERA ANGLE:
Camera is at same level as subject.
LOW CAMERA ANGLE:
Looking at subject from below. Makes the subject look significant.
LONG SHOT or LS:
A shot from maximum distance.
ESTABLISHING or EST:
Usually makes use of a Long Shot to set the scene.
POINT OF VIEW or POV / FIRST PERSON:
A shot seen through the characters eyes.
Typical arrow use in storyboards:
WHAT YOU’LL NEED:
- Drawing apparatus (pencil, eraser, pen, the usual…)
- A template (not essential but does speed up the process)
- Your script / screenplay.
- Some creativity, inspiration, and motivation.
key concepts of storyboarding
What makes a story important
- a client's
- in research
- in reading
- in a movie
- in the news
- your own
are regularly used in storyboards as they can
drastically save time.