Anthropology Vocabulary 1

Card Set Information

Author:
AsherWolfe
ID:
261149
Filename:
Anthropology Vocabulary 1
Updated:
2014-10-10 14:49:41
Tags:
anthropology NMC
Folders:

Description:
Vocabulary set for Anthropology class Northwestern Michigan College
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user AsherWolfe on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Which term best describes the ability to refer to things and events removed in time and space?
    displacement
  2. Which term best describes the smallest units of sound that carry a meaning?
    morphemes
  3. Which term best describes changing from one level of a language to another?
    code switching
  4. Which term best describes registers and explains all the features of a language at one point in time?
    descriptive linguistics
  5. Which term best describes varying forms of a language, similar enough to be mutually intelligible to the various users?
    dialects
  6. Which term includes English as one of this language family?
    Indo-European
  7. Which term best describes extra-linguistic noises that accompany language?
    paralanguage
  8. Which term best describes a sound or gesture that has a natural or self-evident meaning?
    signal
  9. Which term best describes the formal structure of a language consisting of all observations about morphemes and syntax?
    grammar
  10. Which term best describes a method of divergence in language branches?
    glottochronology
  11. Which term best describes an entity which includes lower numbers and names for natural objects?
    core vocabulary
  12. Which term best describes the study of how speech sounds are produced, transmitted, and received?
    phonetics
  13. Which term best describes the scientific study of language?
    linguistics
  14. Which term best describes the smallest classes of sound that make a difference in meaning?
    phonemes
  15. Which term best describes the analysis of body language?
    kinesics
  16. Which term best describes the rules or principles of making phrases and sentences?
    syntax
  17. Which term best describes a personality typical of a society as indicated by the central tendency of a defined frequency distribution?
    modal personality
  18. Which term best describes a discipline which explores the interaction of personality and culture?
    psychological anthropolgy
  19. Which term best describes the process by which culture is  transmitted from one generation to the next?
    enculturation
  20. Which term best describes a form of teaching which encourages compliance?
    dependence training
  21. Which term best describes an entity which involves behavior, thought and feelings?
    personality
  22. Which term best describes the ability to identify oneself as a distinct object?
    self-awareness
  23. Which term best describes a discipline which emphasizes personal achievement?
    independence training
  24. Which term best describes values especially promoted by an individual culture?
    core values
  25. What term best describes the study of cultures from a comparative point of view?
    ethnology
  26. What term best describes the study of material remains, usually from the past, to describe and explain human behavior?
     archaeology
  27. What term best describes the systematic study of humans as biological organisms?
    physical anthropology
  28. What term best describes the systematic description of a culture based on firsthand observation?
    ethnography
  29. What term best describes a set of validated hypotheses that systematically explains phenomena?
    theory
  30. What term best describes the study of patterns of life in a society?
    cultural anthropology
  31. What term best describes a tentative explanation of the relationship between certain phenomena?
    hypothesis
  32. Which term best describes societies with a diversity of cultural patterns?
    pluralistic societies
  33. What term best describes a set of rules or standards that, when acted upon by the members, produces behaviors within the range of variation that the group considers proper and acceptable?
    culture
  34. Which term best describes the most important symbolic aspect of culture?
    language
  35. Which term is used both for the process and the results of a process by which organisms (or cultures) achieve a beneficial adjustment to their environment?
     adaptation
  36. Which term best describes a group of people occupying a specific locality who are dependent upon each other for survival and who share a common culture?
     society
  37. Which term best describes the relationships of groups within a society that hold it together?
    social structure
  38. Which term best describes the concept that a culture can be evaluated only according to its own standards and values?
    cultural relativism
  39. Which term best describes the process by which culture is transmitted from one generation to the next?
    enculturation
  40. Which term best describes the tendency for all aspects of a culture to function as an interrelated whole?
    integration
  41. Which term best describes meanings assigned by cultures to the biological differentiation of the sexes?
    gender
  42. Which term best describes the study of material objects from both the past and the present, to describe and explain human behavior and culture?
    archaeology
  43. Which word best defines a view that may generally be accepted as true but is not beyond challenge?
    theory
  44. Which term best describes a systematic description of a culture based on extensive firsthand observation?
    ethnography
  45. Which term best describes a view stating that a culture can be evaluated only according to its own standards and values?
    cultural relativism
  46. Which term best describes the anthropological principle that all cultural institutions must be viewed in the broadest possible context?
    holistic perspective
  47. Which term best describes the study of culture from a comparative or historical point of view?
    ethnology
  48. Which word best describes a description of a particular group at a particular time?
    ethnographic present
  49. Which term best describes in Yanomamo mythology, little spirits that are believed to live in rocks and mountains?
    hekura

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview