Gen Med Midterm Workshops

Card Set Information

Author:
komail
ID:
261161
Filename:
Gen Med Midterm Workshops
Updated:
2014-02-09 23:19:02
Tags:
Gen Med Midterm Workshops
Folders:
Gen Med Midterm Workshops
Description:
Gen Med Midterm Workshops
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user komail on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. risk factors for anemia, and clinical presentation
    Pregnant women, elderly, renal failure, bone marrow suppression (chronic disease, or chemotherapy)

    • Decreased HB, MCV, ferritin, 
    • Increased TIBC, reticulocytes
  2. Ramitidine
    Anti-H2; decreases stomach acid; treats GERD/ulcers-> promotes anemia by decreasing Fe absorption
  3. NSAIDs
    • can cause hemolysis
    • can cause kidney failure
  4. An example of a drug-disease interaction
    CHF leading to decreased liver/renal perfusion
  5. ADL vs IADL
    normal daily living activites (eating, dressing etc.)

    Instrumental activities of daily living: activities needed to live independently (pay bills, answer phone, etc.)
  6. oxybutinin
    anti-cholinergic, used to treat urge incontinence
  7. docusate
    stool softener
  8. metamucil
    bullk-forming agents
  9. hydrochlorothiazide
    • inhibits sodium/cholride reabsorption
    • not potassium sparing
  10. Ramipril
    • ACE-Inhibitor
    • should check serum creatinine on the week following an ACE inhibitor to check for renal stenosis; also causes coughing
  11. Atorvastatin
    can cause myalgias (muscle aches and pains) leading to insomnia
  12. Nytol
    diphenhydramine-> first gen. anti-histamine with large anti-cholinergic properties
  13. Insomnia agents
    • steroids (prednisone)
    • amphetamines
  14. Zopiclone
    • GABAa agonist- fast onset+short half-life (no day-time hangover)
    • can be given chronically (no anti-anxiety effects)
  15. Trazodone
    • Serotonin antagonist and reuptake inhibitor
    • used to treat depression (high dose) and insomnia/sedative at low doses
    • slight anti-cholinergic activity, but is an a-antagonist, and also has slight anxiolytic properties (may exacerbate orthostatic hypotension)
  16. Benzodiazapine
    • Lorazapam (phase 2 metabolized)
    • Diazepam (phase 1 metabolism)
    • GABA agonist allosterically
    • anxiolytic activity-> dependence
    • affects memory+reflexes -> not good for elderly

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview