Chapter 10 Psychology

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Chapter 10 Psychology
2014-02-10 16:01:12
Chap 10

Chapter 10 Review
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  1. Mnemonic Devices
    Techniques for using associations to memorize and retrieve information
  2. Reconstructive Memory
    • Recall results
    • Memory simplified, enriched, or distorted depending on individual's experiences¬†and attitudes
  3. State Depending Learning
    Recalling information easily when in the same psychological, emotional state, or setting where you originally encoded the information.
  4. Confabulation
    "Remembering" something never stored in the memory
  5. Maintenance Rehearsal
    Repeat information out loud or in your head a few times
  6. Primacy-Recency Effect
    Recall information easily from start and end of list
  7. Procedural Memory
    • Doesn't require conscious recollection
    • Swimming
  8. Declarative Memory
    Both episodic and semantic called forth consciously as you need it
  9. Episodic Memory
    Memory of our own life such as when you woke up this morning
  10. Semantic Memory
    Knowledge of language
  11. Chunking
    Process of grouping items to make them easier to remember
  12. Long-Term Memory
    Storage of information over extended periods of time
  13. Short-Term Memory
    Things you have in conscious mind at one moment
  14. Memory
    Storage and retrieval of what has been learned or experienced
  15. 3 Processes of Memory
    • Encoding
    • Storage
    • Retrieval
  16. 3 Stages of Memory
    • Sensory
    • Short-Term
    • Long-Term
  17. Recognition
    • Provides insight into how information is stored
    • Comes in multiple headings
  18. Schemas
    Our conceptual framework of how we make sense of the world
  19. Recall
    Active reconstruction of information that has been previously learned
  20. Storage
    Information is maintained over a period of time
  21. Encoding
    Transforming information so that the nervous system can process it using senses
  22. Retrieval
    Information is brought to mind from storage
  23. Eidetic Memory
    Form of "photographic memory"
  24. Amnesia
    Loss of memory after a blow in the head or a result of brain damage
  25. Decay
    Fading away of memories over time
  26. Proactive
    Old affects remembering new
  27. Retroactive
    New affects remembering old
  28. Acoustic Code
    Remembering something by saying it outloud
  29. Visual Code
    Keeping a mental picture of what you're trying to remember
  30. Semantic Code
    Remembering something by making sense of the letters that make up the word
  31. Sensory Memory
    • Senses of sight and hearing able to hold only for a fraction of a second
    • Iconic: Visual info for quarter of a second or more
    • Echoic: Hold auditory info for 1-2 seconds