ch 1 and 2 notes forensics

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  1. which model of law?
    protection of citizens including criminal suspects, from possible abuses by the po po and law enforement. assumes innocence of suspectd
    due process model
  2. which process of law?
    -seeks apprehension and punishment of lawbreakers
    -emphasizes efficient detection of suspects and the effective prosecution of the defendants`
    criminal control model
  3. -rights of individuals vs the common good
          -types of models of law go here
    -equality vs discretion
    - discover the truth or resolve conflicts
    -science vs the law as a source of decision
    4 choices in law
  4. telling the difference between cold murder and defense
  5. judges administering a variety of penalties for same crime
    sentencing disparity
  6. truth may not alway be able to be known, therefore the next priority is ____
    justice/ resolving conflicts
  7. accepting a bargain offer for a lesser charge
    plea bargain. 80-95% of defendants plea bargain
  8. violation of the penal code. ex driving through a red light. mostly abuot damages and financial responsibility
    civil case
  9. does no involve fines, people go to jail for these cases
    criminal case
  10. law relies on _______, psychology relies on _____ method
    precedents, scientific methods
  11. judges decision about admissibility of expert testimony is based on what decision? :
    1) whether the experts theory or tech can be tesetd
    2)whether it has been peer reviewed
    3) reliabiliy and error rate of claims
    4)extent to which expert techs and claims have been accepted by the scientific community
    Daubert Decision
  12. system that the US uses for justice. 
    -exhibits evidence and witnesses are assembled by reps (attorneys) of one side or the other to convince the fact finder that their sides view point is the truthful one
    adversarial system
  13. federal court decisions and therefore federal law have _____ over cases arising under the constitution and applies to ____
    jurisdiction; everyone
  14. federal courts include-
    - trial courts (bottom)
    -appellate courts (middle, interested only in issues of law)
    -supreme court
  15. a federal law will only get involved with a state law if the individuals are what
    in different states
  16. when a court decides to review a case
    writ of certiorari
  17. lower courts are contained within which system of courts:
    -juvenile courts
    -family courts
    state courts, which are typically divided into "lower" courts
  18. approach in which the law is used as a vehicle to improve peoples lives
    therapeutic jurisprudence
  19. most cases are resolved by ______ (without assistance of a third party) or by _____ (which involves the use of a third person, to help resolve controversy)
    negotiation ,alternative dispute resolution
  20. in the case of ADR (alternative dispute resolution) the third party is usually a hwat
    forensic psychologist
  21. agreeing to accept the decision of the arbitrator. means that the case is over
    binding arbitration
  22. if one of the parties is dissatisfied with the arbitrators decision, that person may ask that the case be tried before a judge or jury
    non-binding arbitration
  23. -use of neutral person to work with litigants and their lawyers to achieve a settlement
    -this person doesnt have authority to decide the controversy
  24. because judges are selected by ____, they are said to be more accountable to the public
  25. judging that occurs spontaneously, often without careful thought or effort
    intuitive process
  26. judging process that involves mental effort, concentration, motivation, and application of rules
    deliberative processes
  27. us attorneys, whom are appointed by the president
    federal prosecutors
  28. head prosecutors for cities and countries called ____ attorneys are elected
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ch 1 and 2 notes forensics
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