History-Ch.22

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Anonymous
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261323
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History-Ch.22
Updated:
2014-02-10 19:24:10
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History
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  1. Earth-centered view of the universe from Aristotle.
    Geocentric Theory
  2. When European scholars replaced old assumptions with new theories. New way of thinking about natural world
    Scientific Revolution
  3. Copernicus's sun-centered theory
    Heliocentric Theory
  4. Italian scientist who built new theories about astronomy.
    Galileo Galilei
  5. Revolution in Scientific thinking that Copernicus, Kepler, and Galileo began to eventually develop
    Scientific Method
  6. New intellectual movement that stressed reason and thought and the power of individuals to solve problems.
    Enlightenment
  7. Agreements which people created a gov.
    Social Contract
  8. Philosopher who held a different, more positive view of human nature.
    John Locke
  9. Social critics of this period in France.
    Philosophes
  10. Published more than 70 books of political essays, philosophy, and drama.
    Voltaire
  11. Influential French writer who devoted himself to the study of political liberties.
    Montesquieu
  12. 3rd great philosopher who was passionately committed to individual freedom
    Rousseau
  13. Woman who posted persuasive essay, "A Vindication of the Rights of Woman"
    Mary Wollstonecraft
  14. Large drawing rooms where hostesses held regular social gatherings.
    Salons
  15. Style characterized by a grand, ornate design
    Baroque
  16. Artistic style of late 1700s that borrowed ideas and themes from classical Greece and Rome
    Neoclassical
  17. Reflection of enlightenment spirit.
    Enlightened despots
  18. Russian ruler most admired by philosophes.
    Catherine the Great
  19. Issued by the 2nd continental congress in July 1776
    Declaration of independence
  20. Wrote declaration of independence
    Thomas Jefferson
  21. Built-in system where each branch checks the actions of the other two
    Checks and balances
  22. System set up by the constitution, where power was divided between national and state gov.
    Federal System
  23. First 10 amendments of constitution
    Bill of Rights

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