Chapter 5: The Integumentary System

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Author:
tad.ramage
ID:
261331
Filename:
Chapter 5: The Integumentary System
Updated:
2014-02-10 20:40:33
Tags:
definitions
Folders:
Anatomy and Physiology
Description:
bold and italicized words in book 9th
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  1. Integumentary System
    Skin and its derivatives (sweat and oil glands, hairs, and nails) make up a complex set of organs that serves several functions, mostly protective
  2. Epidermis (epi = upon)
    composed of epithelial cells - most outermost protective  shield of the body - structurally, a keratinized squamous epithelium consist of four distinct cell ttypes and four or five distinct layers
  3. Keratinocytes (kera = horn)
    chief role is to produce keratin (fibrous protein that helps give the epidermis its protective properties
  4. Melanocytes
  5. Dermis
    tough, leathery layer composed mostly of fibrous connective - making up the bulk of the skin
  6. Hypodermis (superficial fascia)
    subcutaneous tissue just deep to the skin - besides storing fat, anchors the skin to the underlying structures, but loosely enough that skin can slide relatively freely over those structures

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