What are the two ways they understood that the world was round?
1. By looking at the lunar eclipse, curved shadow on the moon
2.The horizon, seeing a little bit of the ship first then the sides
Where was Columbus born?
Who financed Columbus's voyage?
Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain
What are the two ways Columbus got the 90 people?
1. Recruiting people by force, with prison convicts
2. Volunteers seeking adventure
What did Columbus use to guide himself?
1. Carried a compass with him
2. The Sun
3. The North Star
How many miles did Columbus travel?
What were the name of Columbus's 3 ships?
1. La Pinta
2. Da Nina
3. La Santa Maria
What did Columbus see on the 63rd day?
Trees, birds, fading water
Who influenced Columbus to travel?
What did Columbus see on the 64th day?
He saw light, had to be on land
What did Columbus find on the 65th day?
He saw land and landed on the Bahamas.
Said it was for Spain and God, placed Spain's flag and a cross
Why did Columbus call the natives Indians?
He thought he landed near India
What was the 3 motivations to go to the New world?
2.More land for Spain
3. Converting people to Christianity
Where was Columbus's headquarters?
Hispaniola, made up of Haiti and the DR
How did Columbus convince the Europeans?
By bringing Tobacco and Native Americans to Europe
How many voyages did Columbus take?
What did Columbus find in his third voyage?
South America, and Venezuela
What did Columbus try to do to the Native Americans?
Did Columbus ever see the Pacific Ocean?
What place did he believe he reached?
What became the dominate religion of Central and South America?
Christianity (Roman Catholicism)
What became the dominate language of Central and South America?
What were the European attitudes towards Native Americans?
If they couldn't enslave them kill them
Columbus influenced the extinction and death of Native American culture.
99% of N.A. tribes Columbus visited died bc of foreign diseases
Who was John Calvin?
Who was Martin Luther?
He tried changing the Catholic church, reform
What was the popes power?
Right to rule
The church owned too much land
Church used to sell indulgences to forgive sins
What is the wrote code?
What to believe on every major religious question
What were the puritans who believed John Calvin called?
The Community of Believers, had to read and write
What is predestination?
Life already placed out by God, loss of freewill
What were the elect?
Followers of Calvin, chosen by God, as long as they follow God's plan
Who were the damned?
People not meant to be an elect, but meant to go to hell
What were the 4 high moral standards of the elect?
2. Self discipline-getting things done
3. Hard work-good for your soul
What place were the followers of Calvin?
Where was the first settlement of the Puritans?
Puritans started the compulsory education, which meant?
All students must attend school and learn to read the bible
How did religion become an issue of conflict between the Pequots and the Europeans?
Europeans thought the Pequots were evil, and that their way of religion was the right way.
How did land play a major part in the clash of the cultures?
English didn't believe they owned land unless they seized total control over it. While the Pequots used land seasonally, never staying in one place.
What was the European concept of war? How was this used at Mystic?
Their concept was to wage war and create a massacre by first deceiving the Pequots to believe they were leaving. But in reality they were teaming up with another N.A. Tribe to attack the Pequots. They ended up setting fire to their forts and killing most of them. The ones kept alive were enslaved. They used this method in other battles