Chapters 3&5 Topics 7-11.txt

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mmills78
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Chapters 3&5 Topics 7-11.txt
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2014-02-11 00:04:27
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Chapters 3&5 Topics 7-11
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  1. ´╗┐Life cycle of a cell
    Cell Cycle
  2. Division of a somatic cell nucleus during cell division
    Mitosis
  3. Division of cytoplasm during cell cycle
    Cytokinesis
  4. Period after one cell division and before the next when a cell metabolizes and prepares for division
    Interphase
  5. Stage of mitosis when chromosomes become individually visible when stained and viewed under microscope
    Prophase
  6. Stage in mitosis when chromosomes align in middle of cell
    Metaphase
  7. Stage of mitosis when replicated chromatids separate and move as chromosomes opposite poles of cells
    Anaphase
  8. Stage in mitosis when newly formed nuclei separate
    Telophase
  9. Cell specialization
    Differentiation
  10. Undifferentiated cell that can divide to yield 2 daughter stem cells or a stem cell and a progenitor cell
    Stem Cell
  11. Daughter cell of stem cell whose own daughter cells are restricted to follow specific lineages
    Progenitor Cell
  12. Cell able to differentiate to yield several specialized cell types
    Pluripotent
  13. Programmed cell death
    Apoptosis
  14. Located at the base; lining the membrane
    Basal Surface
  15. One of the basic types of tissue; covers all free body surfaces
    Epithelial Tissue
  16. Layer of non-living material that anchors epithelial tissue underlying connective tissue
    Basement Membrane
  17. Exposed surface and separates epithelium from other tissue
    Apical Surface
  18. A lack of blood vessels
    Avascular
  19. Gland whose cells remain intact while secreting; release fluid products by exocytosis Ex: Sweat glands & Salivary Glands
    Merocrine Glands
  20. Type of gland whose secretions have parts of secretory cells; lose small portions of their glandular cell bodies during secretion Ex: Mammary Glands
    Apocrine Glands
  21. Gland whose secretion contains entire secretory cells; release entire cells Ex: Sebaceous Glands of skin & Meibomian glands of eyelid
    Holocrine Glands
  22. Function: Protection, secretion, absorption, excretion Location: cover body surface, lines internal organs, compose glands Characteristics: Lack blood vessels, cells divide quickly, cells are tightly compact
    Epithelial Tissue
  23. Function: Binds, supports, protects, fills spaces, stores fat, produces blood cells Location: Widely distributed throughout body Characteristics: Most have good blood supply, cells are further apart
    Connective Tissue
  24. Function: Movement Location: Skeletal, Smooth, and Cardiac Muscle Characteristics: Able to contract in response to stimuli
    Muscle Tissue
  25. Function: Conducts impulses for coordination, regulation, and sensory reception Location: Brain, spinal cord, nerves Characteristics: cells communicate with each other
    Nervous Tissue

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