Card Set Information
Cellular respiration that requires oxygen.
Cellular respiration that does not require oxygen.
The breaking of glucose
The first stage in cellular respiration.
Glycolysis occurs in this in this part of the cell.
The anaerobic phase of cellular respiration.
The breaking down of 6-carbon glucose molecules into two 3-carbon pyruvic acid molecules, catalyzed by enzymes, in a series of ten reactions.
These two things are release at the final stage of glycolysis.
2 ATP and High Energy Electrons
The third stage of cellular respiration.
Electron Transport Chain
Electron transport chain occurs in this part of the cell.
Formed when NADH + H* gives its electrons and H back to pyruvic acid.
What enters into electron transport chain.
High Energy Electrons
The products of electron transport chain.
32-34 ATP, heat, and H2O
This acts as the final electron receptor in (aerobic) electron transport chain, enabling the chain to continue processing electrons.
The lack of oxygen in this reaction causes lactic acid to form after the electron transport chain.
How O2 (oxygen) is used at the end the electron transport chain to continue to citric acid cycle and electron transport chain.
Final Electron Receptor
Genetic material in a sequence of building blocks. DNA.
The correspondence between a unit of DNA and a specific amino acid.
The DNA sequence that contains the information for making a specific protein.
The complete set of genetic instructions in a cell including the genes as well as other sequences.
The twisted ladder shape taken by DNA.
DNA is made up of purines (A and G) and pyrimidines (T and C) that only bond in certain combinations (A with T and C with G)
Complementary Base Pairs
Adenine and Thymine held together by a hydrogen bond.
Cytosine and Guanine held together by a hydrogen bond.