Victor Gr. 7 - Health - Alcohol Review

Card Set Information

Victor Gr. 7 - Health - Alcohol Review
2014-02-11 17:29:19
Types alcohol proof oxidation intoxication alcoholism

Types of alcohol, proof, oxidation, intoxication, B.A.C., alcoholism, cirrhosis, Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, DWI, DWAI
Show Answers:

  1. What are the three types of alcohol?  Which one is used in alcoholic beverages?
    • 1. methanol
    • 2. isopropyl
    • 3. ethyl

    Ethyl alcohol is used in alcoholic beverages.
  2. Give four reasons why people drink alcohol?
    • 1. social
    • 2. stress
    • 3. relaxation
    • 4. addiction
  3. Give four reasons why people don't drink alcohol?
    • 1. Don't like the taste
    • 2. Too many calories (watching weight)
    • 3. Recovering alcoholic
    • 4. Taking medications
  4. How do you determine the Proof of an alcoholic beverage?
    The Proof of an alcoholic beverage is 2 times the alcohol content.

    Ex:  43% alcohol content = 86 Proof

    43 x 2 = 86
  5. What is the percentage of alcoholic beverage that has 40 proof?
    The percentage of alcohol in a 40 proof beverage is 20%.
  6. What happens to alcohol when it's waiting to be oxidized?
    Alcohol is absorbed into the body while it is waiting to be oxidized.

    • 20% is absorbed into the blood
    • 80% is absorbed from the small intestines
  7. Once alcohol is oxidized it's broken down into what three things?
    • 1. the kidney - eliminates 5% of alcohol in urine
    • 2. the lungs - exhales 5% of alcohol (BREATH)
    • 3. the liver - breaks down remaining alcohol into acetic acid
  8. Which beverage has the most amount of alcohol?

    1. 12 oz. can of beer
    2. 5 oz. glass of wine
    3. 1.5 oz. shot of liquor
    They all have the same amount of alcohol.
  9. List four things that affect how intoxicated someone may become.
    • 1. body type and size
    • 2. body fat
    • 3. gender
    • 4. food in stomach (full or empty)
  10. How long does it take the body to oxidize one alcoholic beverage?
    About one hour for a 1/2 oz. of alcohol.
  11. How does alcohol affect your eye sight? Speech? Balance/Coordination? Family?
    • Eye sight - blurred vision
    • Speech - slurred speech
    • Balance/Coordination - off balance/staggering
    • Family - Is affected with stress (financial concerns, and worry about safety)
  12. What classification does alcohol fall under?  What type of effect does alcohol have on the Central Nervous System?
    Alcohol is a depressant.

    Alcohol affects memory, reasoning, and judgment.
  13. What does B.A.C. stand for?  What is B.A.C. testing for?  What are three tests used to test B.A.C.?
    Blood Alcohol Content

    B.A.C. testing measures the amount of alcohol in the body.

    • 1. Breath testing
    • 2. Blood testing
    • 3. Urine testing
  14. What is the legal limit in New York State?
    .08% for drivers over 21 years old.
  15. What is the only way to sober up?
    Give yourself time to sober up!
  16. Is it true that alcohol has NO nutritional value but does contain calories?
    Yes it is true.  Alcohol has no nutritional value but it has a lot of calories.
  17. What are three organizations that are there to help?
    The alcoholic: AA (Alcoholics Anonymous)

    The Spouse or a friend: Al-Anon

    The teenager of the alcoholic:  ?
  18. What are blackouts?
    Blackouts are periods of memory loss.
  19. What is cirrhosis?
    Cirrhosis is a chronic disease of the liver (a result of alcoholic).
  20. What are three diseases related to long term use of alcohol?
    • Cancer
    • Cirrhosis
    • Anemia
  21. What is F.A.S.? Who does it affect?
    Fetal Alcohol Syndrome affects babies.
  22. What does DWI stand for?  What does DWAI stand for?
    DWI = Driving While Intoxicated

    DWAI = Driving While Ability Impaired
  23. What is Zero Tolerance?
    It is a policy that imposes punishment for infractions of a stated rule.
  24. What is Alcoholism?
    Alcoholism is a disease.