drugs studied during airway

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Author:
anlind04
ID:
261466
Filename:
drugs studied during airway
Updated:
2014-02-12 15:55:53
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drugs studied during airway
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drugs studied during airway
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  1. morphine sulfate
    Brand name
    class
    dosage
    • morphine sulfate
    • narcotic agonist
    • IV 1-3 increments slow IV push(over 1-5 min)
  2. nitroglycerin
    brand name
    class
    dosage
    • nitrostat, tridil
    • vasodilator, organic nitrate, antianginal
    • Chest pain- 1/150gr (.4mg) or 1 spray, x3
    • Pulmonary edema-1-2 tablets 5-10 min systlic above 90-100
    • Infusion- 5ug/min increase 5ug most patients require 50-100ug/min
  3. Etomidate
    brand name
    class
    dosage
    • etomidate
    • sedative/hypnotic agent
    • ># mg/kg IV over 30-60 seconds
  4. succinylcholine
    brand name
    class
    dosage
    • sux,succinylcholine
    • ultra-short-acting depolarizing-type skeletal muscle relaxant
    • 1.5mgkg IV push, repeat 2-3 to achieve paralysis
  5. furosemide
    brand name
    class 
    dosage
    • lasix
    • loop diuretic
    • Oral-x2 daily dosage if no affect in 20 min x2 dose
    • not oral-.5-1mg/kg to max 2mg/kg 
    • max (usually 20-40mg)IV slowly
  6. midazolam hydrocholoride
    brand name
    class
    dosage
    • versed
    • central nervous system depressant, benzodiazepine
    • 14-60years= 2-5mg IM
    •              1-10 mg IV/IO slowly no more than                
    •              2.5 over 2 min 
    •  >60 years----1-5 mg IM
    •              1-3.5 mg IV/IO no more than 1.5 over  
    •              2min
    •  
    • total not exceed 20mg

    • emergency intubation .1mg/kg upto .3mg/kg 
    • seizures .2mg/kg IM .3mg/kg IN for status seizures if no IV/IO access
  7. albuterol sulfate
    brand name 
    class 
    dosage
    • Proventil, Ventolin
    • Sympathomimetic, broncholdilator 
    • 2.5 mg premixed SVN or in-line ventilatory device
  8. Iparatropium Bromide
    brand name
    class
    dosage
    • Atrovent
    • anticholinergic,broncholdilator
    • 500mcg in 2.5ml normal saline
    • may mix one and one with albuterol
  9. mehthylprednisolone sodium succinate
    brand name 
    class 
    dosage
    • Solu-medrol
    • corticosteriod, glucocorticoid, steriod, anti-inflammatory 
    • Reactive airway disease, anaphylaxis, burns potentially involving the airway
    • 125mg slow IV bolus
  10. magnesium sulfate
    brand name 
    class
    dosage
    • magnesuim sulfate
    • electrolyte, tocolytic
    • Dosage
    • V
    • VF/pulseless VT=1-2GM IV diluted in 50-100 ml NS or D5W admin over 1-2 min
    • Torsage de pointes=1-2GM IV diluted in 50-100ml NS or D5W admin over 1-2min followed by same infused over 1 hour
    • hypomagnesemia=1-2GM in 50-100 NS or D5W IV push over 1-5 min
    • respiratory/severe asthma=infusion 2GM in 50 ml NS or D5W infused using microdrip tubing 5-10 minutes    

    • pre-term labor 4-6GM over 15-20 minutes(addition of 4GM to 100ml D5W,LR,NS
    • result concentration 40mg/ml)
    • maintenance infusion 1-4Gm/hour infusion rate(follow initial bolus with infusion of 2GM/hr continue until contractions <1 every 10 minutes)

    • Pregnancy induced hypertension, pre-eclampsia, (PIH)
    • intila bolus 3-6GM over 10-15min(addtion 4GM to 100ml D5W,LR,NS result 40mg/ml)
    • maintenance infusion-follow bolus 1-3GM/hr infusion rate

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