Oral Pathology (Chapter 8)

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Oral Pathology (Chapter 8)
2014-02-12 15:59:38
Hospital Corpsman

Hospital Corpsman NAVEDTRA 14295B
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  1. What is the science that treats the nature, causes, and development of oral diseases?
    Oral pathology
  2. Salivary glands secret about (___) ml of saliva on a daily basis.
    1,500 ml
  3. Microscopic counts in saliva show an average of (____) million mircroorganisms per milliliter.
    750 million
  4. (____) can be defined as any pathological or traumatic disorder of tissue that creates a loss of function of the area affected.
    Oral lesions
  5. Oral lesions can include (_____),(______), and any other tissue damage resulting from disease or injury.
    • Wounds
    • Sores
  6. What is localized collection of pus in a specific area of soft tissue or bone?
  7. What is an enclosed pouch or sac containing fluid or semi-solid material?
  8. What are a disruption of the superficial covering of the mucosa or skin caused by biting, denture irritation, toothbrush injury, viruses or other irritants?
  9. A localized collection of blood that escaped from blood vessels due to trauma is known as what?
  10. Round pinpoint, non-raised, purplish-red spots, caused by mucosal or dermal hemorrhage are known as what?
  11. Large, purplish-red areas caused by blood under the skin or mucosa; turns to a blue or yellow color which is known as what?
  12. What are the two common lesions of the oral mucosa?
    • Petechiae
    • Ecchymoses
  13. The process that destroys the hard surfaces of the tooth is called what?
  14. Decalcification of the enamel, the first step in the decay process, is caused by Bacterial plaque and Acid.
    True or False
  15. Dental caries usually appear first as a (______) on the enamel, which indicates the decalcification process.
    Chalky white spot
  16. The term "Pulposis" refers to any disease involving the (_____).
    Dental pulp
  17. Pulpalgia refers to what?
    Pain in the dental pulp
  18. What is Pulpitis?
    Inflammation of the dental pulp
  19. The death of tissue is called what?
  20. Periodontal disease is the most prevalent chronic disease of humankind.
    True or False
  21. (______) is an inflammation involving the gingival tissues.
  22. What is the most common type of gingival disease?
    Marginal Gingivitis
  23. What is "N.U.G" and what is this disease referred to?
    • Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis
    • Trenchmouth or Vincent's infection
  24. What is Periodontitis?
    is a chronic inflammatory condition that involves the gingiva, crest of the alveolar bone and periodontal membrane.
  25. What is Pericoronitis?
    inflammation of the gingiva around a partially erupted tooth
  26. What does "R.A.S" stand for?
    (Hint: Canker Sores)
    Recurrent aphthous stomatitis
  27. The healing time of canker sores are usually 7 to (___) days.
  28. In oral pathology, the most commonly diagnosed sites for HSV-1 are the what?
    • oral cavity
    • tongue
  29. The most common of all the herpetic HSV-1 lesions is what?
    Herpes labialis
  30. What are fever blisters?
    The vesicles rupture, crusting of the surface occurs.
  31. What are cold sores?
    crusted lesion
  32. A fungal infection of the mouth is known as what?
  33. A viral infection on the tongue with lesions that appear as white and slightly raised is known as what?
    Hairy Leukoplakia
  34. The are two types of Neoplasms; What are they?
    • Benign Tumors (Not life threatening)
    • Malignant Tumors (Life threatening if left untreated)
  35. Cancer of the epithelium is known as what?
  36. Congenital disorders are present at birth.
    True or False
    • True
    • (Cleft lip)
  37. The condition in which a tooth is blocked by a physical barrier, usually teeth or bone is known as what?
  38. What is the loss of substance of a tooth from a wearing away process caused by a teeth against teeth known as?
  39. What is an abrasion?
    Generally brought about by improper tooth brushing; biting foreign objects
  40. What is the loss of tooth substance from a chemical process that does not involve bacteria?