Wildlife Review Week 2
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What is wildlife management?
the application of ecological knowledge to populations of non-fish vertebrates and their plant and animal associates in a manner that strikes a balance between the needs of wildlife and the needs of people
What were the early objectives of wildlife management?
- first: improve hunting for and by private landowners (in England)
- then: save & perpetuate (after exploitation) or preservation
What were the first steps towards conservation?
- 1. harvest restrictions
- 2. law enforcement
What were peoples' attitudes about wildlife up until the early 1900s?
- not worried, thought wildlife would replenish itself
- don't worry about running out of water until they see the bottom of the barrel
What makes up the animal dimension?
- life histories
- population dynamics
- animal ecology
- principles of WDLM
How much were big game resources reduced?
What did Gifford Pinchot do for conservation?
- coined the term "conservation"
- America's first forester
What did Theodore Roosevelt do for conservation?
- introduced conservation to the public
- demanded science be cornerstone of conservation
- took first inventory of the nation's natural resources
- created first wildlife refuge
- founded Boone & Crocket Club
What did Aldo Leopold do for conservation?
- father of wildlife management
- founded the Wilderness Society (now Wildlife Society)
What did John Muir do for conservation?
- father of National Parks
- influenced Congress to set aside land for national parks
- founded Sierra Club
What did John J. Audubon do for conservation?
- naturalist and painter
- authored the "birds of america"
What did Jay Norwood Darling do for conservation?
- famous cartoonist
- asked to head the US Biological Survey by Roosevelt
What did John Wesley Powell do for conservation?
- author and naturalist
- explored the grand canyon and the colorado river
- early conservationist
What did Clinton Hart Merriam do for conservation?
- naturalist and taxonomist
- author of the life zone concept (detailed relationship btw animal/plant distribution and temp patterns)
- named the mourning dove after his daughter
- also named the wild turkey and kangaroo rat after himself
What are the 3 disciplines of wildlife management?
- human dimension
What makes up the human dimension?
- public speaking
- technical writing
- political science
What makes up the habitat dimension?
- landscape ecology
- plant ecology
- plant morphology
- plant physiology
- range management
What would you like to do?
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