Pharmacy (Chapter 18)

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Pharmacy (Chapter 18)
2014-03-05 15:23:03
Hospital Corpsman

Hospital Corpsman NAVEDTRA 14295B
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  1. What is the science dealing with the origin, nature, chemistry, effects, and uses of medications?
  2. What is the "Branch" of pharmacology dealing with preparation, dispensing, and proper use of medications?
  3. The Remington is the "blue bible" of pharmacology.
    True or False
  4. What is the minimum dose?
    The least amout of medication required to produce a therapeutic effect.
  5. What is the maximum dose?
    The largest amout of medication that can be given without reaching the toxic effect
  6. What is a toxic dose?
    the least amount of medication that will produce symptoms of poisoning.
  7. What is the most common method of administering medications?
  8. What disinfectant is historically, one of the first antiseptic agents used? It is the standard by which all other antiseptic disinfectant, and germicidal agents are measured in effectiveness.
    Phenol (carbolic acid)
  9. What medication should not be given to children and pregnant women or administered with milk, milk products, antacids or iron preparations?
  10. What side effects does tetracyclines produce in children and pregnant women?
    discoloration of the teeth and depress bone marrow growth.
  11. What is the drug of choice for the treatment and management of grand mal epilepsy?
    Pheytoin (Dilantin)
  12. What drug is most often used during isoniazid (INH) therapy?
    Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine Hydrochloride)
  13. What do these prefixes mean:
    Deka, Hecto, and Kilo?
    • Ten
    • One hundred
    • One Thousand
  14. What do these prefixes mean:
    Micro, Milli, Centi and Deci?
    • One-ten Thousandth
    • One-Thousandth
    • One-Hundredth
    • One-tenth
  15. What is NAVMED 6710/6?
  16. If a controlled medication must be written on a polyprescription due to unavailability of a DD 1289, it must be the only medication prescribed on that form.
    True or False
  17. What is a Schedule I? What are some examples?
    • Substances that have high abuse potential and "No accepted medical use."
    • (Ex: Heroin, Marijuana, and LSD)
  18. What is a Schedule II? What are some examples?
    • Substance that have high abuse potential and severe psychological and/or physical dependence liability.
    • (Ex: Naroctics, amphetamines, barbiturates)
  19. For Schedule III-V prescriptions, when or how should they be filled? 
    Prescriptions must be filled within 30 days of the date written and may be refilled up to 5 times within 6 months.
  20. Custodial responsibility for controlled substances at treatment facilities is entrusted to a (___) or  a (____) who is appointed in writing by the CO.
    • Commissioned officer
    • Civilian Pharmacist
  21. What is the study of the dosages of medicines and medications?
  22. To prevent medication errors, there are six important steps to follow when administering medications to a patient. What are they?
    • Right Patient
    • Right Medication
    • Right Time
    • Right Documentation
    • Right Route
    • Right Dose
  23. What relates to the chemical and molecular structure?
    Chemical name
  24. What is often derived from the chemical name?
    Generic name
  25. What is the proprietary name given by the manufacturer?
    Brand name (trade name)
  26. What are medication that cause shrinkage of the skin and mucous membranes?
    • Astringents
    • (Domeboro/ Aluminum Acetate)
    • (Calamine)
  27. What are bland or fatty substances that may be applied to the skin to make it more pliable and soft?
    • Emollients
    • (Cocoa butter)
    • (Zinc Oxide)
  28. What agents assist in the removal of secretions or exudates from the trachea, bronchi, or lungs?
    • Expectorants
    • (Guaifenesin)
  29. What agents inhibit or suppress the act of coughing?
    • Antitussives
    • (Dextromethorphan)
  30. What reduces congestion and the swelling of mucous membranes?
    • Nasal Decongestants
    • (Pseudoephedrine)
  31. What are used to counteract the physical symptoms that are caused by histamines?
    • Antihistamines
    • (Diphenhydramine HCL)
    • (Meclizine HCL)
  32. What blocks histamines that cause an increase of gastric acid secretion in the stomach?
    • Histamine H2 Receptors Antagonists
    • (Ranitidine)
  33. What are used to counteract hyperacidity in the stomach?
    • Antacids
    • (Magnesium Hydroxide)-Milk of Magnesia
    • (Alumina & Magnesia)- Maalox
  34. What suppress the growth of microorganisms?
    • Antiseptics
    • (Phenol)
  35. What kills susceptible organisms?
  36. What were the first effective chemothrerapeutic agents to be available in safe therapeutic dosage ranges?
    • Sulfonamides
    • (Silver Sulfadiazine)
  37. What is one of the most important antibiotics?
    (Molds commonly found on breads and fruits)
    • Penicillins
    • (Amoxicillin)
    • (Amoxicillin and Clavulanate)
  38. What are a group of semisynthetic derivatives of cephalosporin C, an antimicrobial agent of fungal origin?
    • (Cephalosporins)
    • (Cephalexin)
  39. What is the generic name for Achromycin and Sumycin?
    Tetracycline HCL
  40. What is the generic name for Vibramycin?
    Doxcycline Hyclate
  41. What antibiotics constitutes as a large group of bacteriostatic agents that inhibit protein synthesis?
    (Effective against Gram positive cocci and mycobacteria)
    • Macrolides
    • (Erythromycin)
    • (Clindamycin)
    • (Azithromycin)
  42. Wht agents inhibit or suppress the growth systems of fungi, dermatophytes, or Candida?
    • Antifungals
    • (Nystatin)
    • (Clotrimazole)
  43. What are agents that are destructive to parasites?
    • Antiparasities
    • (Permethrin)
    • (Metronidazole)
  44. What are medications that are used to treat or prevent malaria?
    • Antimalarial Preparations
    • (Chloroquine)
  45. What are medications that facilitate the passage and elimination of feces from the colon and rectum?
    • Laxatives
    • (Mineral oil)
    • (Ducosate Calcium)
    • (Magnesium Citrate)
  46. What are agents that increase the rate of urine formation?
    • Diuretics
    • (Hydrochlrothiazide)
    • (Furosemide)
  47. What relieves or reduces fevers?
    • Antipyretics
    • (Aspirin)
    • (Acetaminophen)
  48. What counteract or suppress inflammation or the inflammatory process?
    • Anti-inflammatory
    • (Ibuprofen)
    • (Meloxicam)