Card Set Information
Ch 4 Cellular Metabolism Topics 1-4
_______ is the combined chemical reactions in cells that use or release energy.
Which type of metabolism is the synthesis of large molecules from smaller ones?
Anabolism; Anabolic Metabolism
The type of metabolism that breaks down large molecules is _______.
Catabolism; Catabolic Metabolism
What is an anabolic process that joins small molecules by releasing the equivalent of H
_______ enzymatically adds the equivalent of a H
O molecule to split a molecule.
This is the energy required to initiate a chemical reaction.
A protein that catalyzes a specific biochemical reaction is an _______.
A _______ is a molecule on which an enzyme acts.
What part of an enzyme temporarily binds to a substrate?
What is a metabolic pathway?
A series of linked, enzymatically controlled chemical reactions.
A chemical that increases the rate of a chemical reaction is a _______.
A _____________________ is an enzyme that controls the rate of a metabolic pathway by regulating one of its steps.
Rate Limiting Enzyme
What is the small, non-protein, organic molecule required for the activity of a particular enzyme?
A _______ is a small, organic molecule or ion that must combine with an enzyme for activity.
An organic compound needed for normal metabolism that the body can’t synthesize in adequate amounts and must therefore be obtained in diet is a _______.
_______ is an organic molecule that stores and transfers energy used in cellular processes?
ATP; Adenosine Triphosphate
What type of molecule is produced when ATP loses a terminal phosphate?
ADP; Adenosine Diphosphate
The process in which energy is changed from one form to another is ______________.
Which metabolic process adds a phosphate to an organic molecule?
_______ is the ability to do work.
______________ is a biochemical pathway that transfers energy from organic compounds.
What process combines O
with another chemical?