Respiratory Topic4 Sarah

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RUTHCALLAWAY
ID:
261732
Filename:
Respiratory Topic4 Sarah
Updated:
2014-02-13 15:46:32
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profmwinston
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Respiratory Topic4
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  1. exspiration-
    exhale
  2. inspiration-
    inhale
  3. amount of air inhaled and exhaled in one cycle during quiet breathing
    tidal volume (TV)
  4. the amount of air that can be inhaled with maximum effort. Usually 3,000 mL more than TV.
    inspiratory reserve volume (IRV)
  5. the amount of air that can be exhaled with maximum effort. Usually 1,200 mL more than TV.
    exspiratory reserve volume (ERV)
  6. the amount of air still left in lungs after a maximum voluntary exhale.
    residual volume (RV)
  7. The amount of air that can be inhaled and exhaled with maximum effort, the deepest breath possible.
    vital capacity (VC)
  8. The extra amount of air that can be inhaled after a normal exhale.
    inspiratory capacity (IC)
  9. The amount of air in the lungs after a normal exhale.
    functional residual capacity (FRC)
  10. The maximum amount of air that the lungs can contain.
    total lung capacity (TLC)
  11. The conducting division of the airway that stores about 150 mL of air that does not exchange gases with the blood.
    anatomic dead space
  12. The space where the alveoli can’t exchange gases because they lack blood flow or because the pulmonary membrane is thickened by edema or fibrosis.
    alveolar dead space
  13. The sum of anatomical dead space and any pathological alveolar dead space that may exist.
    physiological (total) dead space
  14. The amount of air that that gets ventilated by the alveoli multiplied by the respiratory rate.
    alveolar ventilation rate (AVR)
  15. The amount of air that enters the lungs per minute.
    minute ventilation (MRV)
  16. ERV+TV+IRV=
    VC
  17. TV+IRV=
    IC
  18. FRC=
    RV+ERV
  19. TLC=
    RV+VC
  20. AVR=
    Respiratory Rate(amount of breaths/min.) x amount of air ventilated by the alveoli.
  21. TV x Respiratory Rate=
    MRV

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