Ch4T1-4.txt

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Author:
AP101e2014
ID:
261776
Filename:
Ch4T1-4.txt
Updated:
2014-02-13 08:00:09
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AACHM
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Description:
CH2T1-4
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  1. Small molecules are built up into larger ones, requiring energy.
    Anabolism
  2. Larger molecules are broken down into smaller ones, releasing energy.
    Catabolism
  3. Provides all the materials a cell requires for maintenance, growth, and repair.
    Anabolism
  4. Type of anabolism joining many simple sugar molecules of glycogen, storing energy.
    Dehydration Synthesis
  5. Type of catabolism that decomposition of carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins using water molecules for each bond that breaks.
    Hydrolysis
  6. The energy required before a metabolic reaction begins.
    Activation Energy
  7. Catalyst for increasing reactions by lowering the activation energy required. Usually globular proteins.
    Enzymes
  8. The counterpart molecule that is acted on by its specifically comparable enzyme.
    Substrate
  9. The regions of the enzyme molecule that combine with the specific parts of its substrate in an enzyme-substrate complex during an enzyme-catalyzed reaction.
    Active Sites
  10. Sequence of enzyme-controled reactions that lead to synthesis of particular biochemicals.
    Metabloic Pathways
  11. Lipid synthesizing enzyme.
    Lipase
  12. A protein splitting enzyme.
    Protease
  13. A maltose splitting enzyme.
    Maltase
  14. A lactose splitting enzyme.
    Lactase
  15. A regulatory enzyme required for a reaction is in lower concentration than its substrate.
    Rate Limiting Enzyme
  16. A non-protein component that combines with an inactive enzyme to help attain its shape to bind with its substrate.
    Cofactor
  17. A small organic molecules, sometimes vitamin molecules are altered forms of vitamin molecules.
    Coenzyme
  18. Essential organic molecules that humans cannot synthesize at all or insufficient amounts. They provide coenzymes.
    Vitamins
  19. The process that transfers energy from molecules such as glucose and makes it available for cellular use.
    Cellular Respiration
  20. A molecule that carries energy in a form that the cell can use.
    ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
  21. Cell's primary energy-carrying molecule in a cell. Cells quickly die without it even with other energy available.
    ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
  22. Adenine(1), Ribose(1), and Phosphate(3)
    ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
  23. An ATP molecule that has lost its terminal (end) phosphate.
    ADP (adenosine diphosphate)
  24. The re-synthesizing of an ADP into an ATP by using energy from cellular respiration to reattach a phosphate to the ADP.
    Phosphorylation
  25. The “burning” of molecules to release the internal energy by the breaking of bonds.
    Oxidation

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