CRIM 2251

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Author:
xx.chelsii
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261828
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CRIM 2251
Updated:
2014-02-13 14:51:43
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Introduction to Criminal Behaviour
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  1. Theory Verification
    Process of theory testing
  2. Classical Theory
    Theoretical thinking emphasizing free-will as the hallmark of human behaviour
  3. Positivist Theory
    • Theoretical thought closely aligned with the idea of determinism
    • Antecedents (prior experiences or influences) determine present behaviour
  4. Conformity Perspective
    views humans as creatures of conformity who want to do the "right thing"
  5. Strain Theory
    Argues that humans are fundamentally conforming beings who are strongly influenced by the values and attitudes of the society in which they live.
  6. Nonconformist Perspective
    Assumes that human beings are basically undisciplined creatures, who without rules and regulations of a given society, would flout society's conventions and commit crimes indiscriminatley
  7. Social Control Thoery
    Contends that crime and delinquency occur when an individual's ties to the conventional order of normative standards are weak or largely non-existent
  8. Learning perspective
    Sees humans a born neutral (clean slate)
  9. Social Learning Theory
    Emphasizes cvoncepts as imitation of models and reinforcement one gains from ones behaviour
  10. Differential Association Theory
    Criminal behaviour is learned
  11. Difference-in-kind
    Humans are distinctively different from other animals
  12. Difference-in-degrees
    Human beings may be placed along aa continuum consisting of all the animals in the known universe
  13. Criminology
    multidisciplinary study of crime
  14. Psychological Criminology
    Science of the behaviour and mental processes of the person who commits crime
  15. Cognitions
    attitudes, beliefs, and thoughts that a person holds about the social environment, interrelations, human nature, and him/her self
  16. Developmental approach
    examines the changes and influences across a persons lifetime
  17. Criminal profiling
    refers to the process of identifying personality traits, behavioural tendencies, geographic location, and demographic variables of an offender based on characteristics of the crime
  18. Index crimes or Part I crimes
    Seriouos crimes as labelled by the UCR
  19. Nonindex or part II crimes
    Non serious crimes as labelled by the UCR

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