Spinal ROM Measurement

Card Set Information

Author:
dmshaw9
ID:
261842
Filename:
Spinal ROM Measurement
Updated:
2014-02-13 15:27:48
Tags:
Spinal ROM Measurement
Folders:
MS2
Description:
MS2
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  1. Factors that Influence Spinal Motion
    • Age
    • Genetics
    • Body type
    • Anatomical structures
    • Disease/pathology/injury
    • Muscle tone
    • External constraints
    • Fatigue
    • Habitual recruitment patterns
    • Mood
  2. Spinal Joints: Anatomy
    • Zygoapophyseal joints (Z joints)
    • Intervertebral discs (IVD)
    • Uncovertebral joints (U joints)
  3. Three Cervical Regions
    • Upper: C0-C2
    • Middle: C3-C5
    • Lower: C6-C7 (and T1)
  4. Contraindications for ROM Testing
    • Upper cervical instability: alar ligament compromise, transverse ligament compromise, fractured odontoid process
    • Vertebral artery pathology¬†

  5. Cervical ROM Measurements
    • Goniometer (sagittal plane, cervical rotation, cervical sidebending)
    • Tape Measure (sagittal plane, lateral flexion, rotation)
    • Bubble Inclinometer (sagittal and frontal planes; CANNOT measure rotation)
    • CROM Instrument = most valid and reliable method (flex/ext, lat flex, rotation and protraction/retraction)
  6. Thoracolumbar ROM Measurements
    • Tape Measure (SP to SP) (flex, ext, lat flex)
    • BROM Instrument (flex/ext, sacral angle, lat flex, rotation)
    • Bubble Inclinometer¬†= most valid and reliable method for lumbar spine!

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