Chapter 1

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Chapter 1
2014-02-13 20:16:30

Emergency Medical Care Systems, Research, and Public Health
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  1. EMR
    Provides immediate lifesaving care to patients who have accessed the EMS system

    Basic airway, ventilation, and oxygen therapy devices
  2. EMT
    Provides basic emergency medical care and transportation to patients

    Advanced oxygen therapy and ventilation
  3. AEMT
    Provides both basic and limited advanced emergency medical care and transportation

    Administration of select number of medications
  4. Paramedic
    Advanced assessments, drug interventions
  5. Trauma Center
    For rapid surgical intervention and specialized treatment of injures that generally exceeds hospital emergency department capabilities
  6. Burn Center
    For specialized treatment of serious burns, often including long-term care and rehabilitation
  7. Obstetrical Center
    For high-risk obstetric patients
  8. Pediatric Center
    For specialized treatment of infants and children
  9. Poison Center
    For specialized treatment of poisoning patients
  10. Stroke Center
    To provide specialized care for specific acute stroke patients
  11. Cardiac Center
    For the rapid and advanced management of patients suffering cardiac emergencies
  12. Hyperbaric Center
    For the treatment of certain toxic exposures, diving emergencies, and other conditions
  13. Spine Injury Center
    For the management of patients with severe spine injuries
  14. Psychiatric Center
    To care for patients with behavioral emergencies
  15. Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
    Protects individuals who have a documented disability fro being denied initial or continued employment based on their disability
  16. Medical Director
    A physician who is legally responsible for the clinical and patient care aspects of the EMS system
  17. Medical Direction
    Develop and establish the guidelines under which the emergency medical service personnel function
  18. Protocols
    Comprise a full set of guidelines that define the entire scope of medical care
  19. Off-line Medical Direction
    Provided through a set of predetermined, written guidelines that allow EMTs to use their judgment to administer emergency medical care according to written guidelines without having to contact a physician
  20. On-line Medical Direction
    Requires that the EMT acquire permission from a physician via cell phone, telephone, or radio communication prior to administering specific emergency care
  21. Standing Orders
    A subject of protocols that do not require real-time physician input
  22. Medical Oversight
    The emerging term that more comprehensively describes the EMS system medical director's responsibilities
  23. Quality Improvement
    A system of internal and external reviews and audits of all aspects of an emergency medical system
  24. Evidence-Based Medicine
    Focuses on research to provide clear evidence that certain procedures, medications, and equipment improve the patient's outcome