it14spr101.40bc345t123414 (1).txt

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it14spr101.40bc345t123414 (1).txt
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flashcards for anatomy respiration
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  1. 1.What is the combined chemical reactions in cells that can use or can release energy?
    Metabolism
  2. 2. What provides the materials a cell requires for maintenance?
    Anabolism
  3. 3 Whats the metabolic processes that break down larger molecuels into smaller ones?
    Catabolism
  4. 4. What is the anabolic process that joins small molecules by releasing the equivelant of a water molecule?
    Dehydration
  5. 5. What can decompose carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins?
    Hydrolysis
  6. 6. What is the energy metabolic reactions require?
    Activation energy
  7. 7. What protein catalyes a specific biochemical reaction?
    Enzyme
  8. 8. Which enzyme is specific acting only on a particular molecule?
    Substrate
  9. 9. What part of an enzyme temporarily binds a substrate?
    Active sites
  10. 10. What is the sequences of an enzyme controlled reaction?
    Metabolic pathways
  11. 11. What molecules influence the rates of chemical reactions but are not consumed in the process?
    Catalyst
  12. 12. What enzyme is often first in a series?
    Rate limiting enzymes
  13. 13. What is a small organic molecule?
    Co enzyme
  14. 14. What is a nonprotein componet called?
    Co factor
  15. 15. What are proteins that catalyzes a specfic biochemical reaction?
    Enzymes
  16. 16. What are essential organic molecules that human cells cant synthesize?
    vitamin
  17. 17. What molecule caries energy in a form that the cell can use?
    ATP
  18. 18. What molecule has only two phosphates?
    ADP
  19. 19.What is the reaction when ATP and ADP molecules shuttle back and forth?
    Energy transfer
  20. 20. What is the process called when an ATP can be resynthesized from an ADP by using energy released from cellular respiration?
    Phosphorylation
  21. 21. What is the capasity to change something?
    Energy
  22. 22. What is the process that transfers energy from molecules?
    Cellular respiration
  23. 23. What is the process where oxygen combines with another chemical?
    Oxidation
  24. 24. What is the change in a gene called?
    Mutation
  25. 25. What agent causes mutation?
    Mutagens
  26. 26. What is a type of mutation involving replacement of a single nucleotide base with another in DNA or RNA?
    Base pair substitution
  27. 27. What disease disrupts normal metabolism and the process of converting food to energy?
    Metabolic disease

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