Chapter 9-14 Review

Card Set Information

Author:
Anonymous
ID:
261903
Filename:
Chapter 9-14 Review
Updated:
2014-02-13 21:02:48
Tags:
Anklin
Folders:

Description:
Chapter 9-14 Review
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Anonymous on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. A mutation that alters a gene so as to produce no amino acid
    nonsense
  2. A cell that is able to give rise to every cell in the adult body
    totipotent
  3. Copying DNA
    replication
  4. molecules that function to transfer information from one generation to the next
    RNA
  5. enzyme that is used to connect bases
    ligase
  6. A regulatory region that acts as the binding site for RNA polymerase in prokaryotes
    promoter
  7. The protein product of a regulator gene that acts to control transcription of operons
    repressor
  8. Programmed cell death
    apoptosis
  9. Modification of a molecule by the addition of a methyl group
    Methylation
  10. noncoding sections of DNA
    intron
  11. RNA type that carries code to the ribosome
    mRNA
  12. Stimulates the synthesis of needed enzymes
    Inducer
  13. A gene whose expression causes one segment to start growing sooner than it would in the absence of that gene
    Heterochrony
  14. Scientists that helped determine the structure of the DNA molecule
    Wilkins
  15. A repressable operon that stops when enough trptophan is made.
    T Operon
  16. Sugar end of a nucleic acid
    3 Prime
  17. An inducible operon including three loci involved in the uptake and breakdown of lactose in Escherichia coli.
    lac operon
  18. opposite of sometimes
    irrevocable
  19. Type if RNA that carries amino acids to codon in the ribosome
    tRNA
  20. The process of commitment of cells to particular fates.
    determination
  21. creation of form or structure during development.
    morphogenisis
  22. embryo, larva, zygote
    developmental stages
  23. cytosine, uracil, and thymine
    pyrimidines
  24. mRNA before introns are removed
    pre mRNA
  25. molecules that replicate RNA
    RNA polymerase
  26. single base changes in the coding regions of proteins
    missense
  27. mutations that are usually found in noncoding regions of DNA
    silent mutations
  28. capable of differentiating into one of many cell types
    pluripotent
  29. short sections of the lagging strand
    Okazaki fragments
  30. scientist that helped determine the structure of the DNA molecule
    Watson
  31. RNA processing, mRNA stability, translation, transcription are levels of ____?
    gene regulation
  32. nucleic acid with a nuclear envelop or introns
    eukaryotic DNA
  33. nucleic acid without a nuclear envelop or introns
    prokaryotic DNA
  34. replicated DNA that contains Okazaki fragments
    lagging strand
  35. The movement of electrically charged molecules in an electric field often resulting in their separation
    electrophoresis
  36. mutation in which whole amino acid sequence is moved over
    frame shift
  37. substance that cut DNA in specific sequences
    restriction enzymes
  38. Refers to heritable factors affecting the development or function of an organism that are not associated with its DNA sequence
    genetic drift
  39. scientist that helped determine the structure of the DNA molecule
    Crick
  40. DNA strand that is replicated continuously
    leading strand
  41. Protein-RNA complex that removes introns from eukaryotic nuclear RNAs
    spicesomes
  42. process of making amino acids in the ribosome
    translation
  43. scientist that determined that A-T & G-C go together
    Chargath
  44. The changes in cell shape and physiology associated with the production of the final cell types of a particular organ or tissue
    differentiation
  45. process of making mRNA
    transcription
  46. homeobox gene
    HOX
  47. Gene that determines digit placement in humans
    sonic hedgehog
  48. nitrogenous bases (and the two strands of the DNA double helix) are held together by
    hydrogen bonds
  49. phosphate end of nucleic acid
    5 prime
  50. a DNA region at one end of an operon that acts as the binding site for repressor protein
    operator
  51. scientist that helped determine the structure of the DNA molecule
    Franklin
  52. coding section of DNA
    exon
  53. adenine and guanine
    purines
  54. abbreviation for polymerase chain reaction
    PCR
  55. structure that relie on a host to reproduce them
    virus

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview