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Which Nutrients supply energy?
- -Most Carbs
- -Most Lipids
Which nutrients regulate body processes?
- -Some lipids
- -Some vitamins
- -Some minerals
What is a kilocalorie?
Unit of heat energy required to raise 1 kilogram of water 1 degree celsius
Nutrient content ÷ Calorie Content
Calorie Content ÷ weight in grams
foods that may provide significant health benefits, important for reducing the risk for certain diseases.
Choose a number of different foods from within any food group
select foods from the 5 major food groups
Control portion size and plan meals to be eaten
provides sufficient energy and nutrients
nutrient intake does not meet the body's needs
When nutrient intakes exceed the body's needs
when the body has enough of the nutrients to support normal metabolic function.
Recommended Dietary Allowance
Nutrient intake amount recommended to meet the needs of 97% to 98% of healthy individuals.
Intake amount for any nutrient with not enough info to establish an RDI
Tolerable Upper Intake Levels
Highest amount a nutrient can be taken without causing adverse effects
Dietary Reference Intake
Umbrella term used to describe nutrient needs.
Estimated Energy Requirements
Estimate of the energy intake needed to match the average person
generic standard on food labels, based on a 2000 or 2500 calorie diet.
Set close to or at the RDA value for nutrient standards
Who has the greatest risk for becoming ill with from food borne illness?
- -pregnant women
- -people with immune depressant disorders
How do we make foods safe? What are additives?
By using preservation techniques. Additives are substances added to food.
"Good Source" on a food label means...
"Excellent Source" on a food label means
"Sugar free" means
"Fat Free" means
"Calorie Free" means
- Less than .5 grams of sugar/serving
- Less than .5 grams of fat/serving
- Less than 5 calories/serving
physiological drive to find food and eat
psychological drive that encourage us to find and eat food in absence of hunger
replacing nutrients lost in processing
nutrients that have been added that were never present to begin with
Intentionally adding to food compounds that can cause cancer at any level of exposure
the generally recognized as safe list for food additives
Healthy People 2020
objectives released every 10 years that promote health and disease prevention.