Chapter 14

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  1. It is the weekend before a major psychology exam on Monday, and Janine is experiencing total panic even though she is thoroughly prepared and aced the previous two psychology exams. Janine’s panic illustrates that:
    the appraisal of stress is highly subjective.
  2. The four principal types of stress are:
    frustration, conflict, pressure, and change.
  3. When your boss tells you that a complicated report that you have not yet begun to write must be on her desk by this afternoon, you may experience:
  4. You want to ask someone for a date, but you are afraid to risk rejection.You are experiencing:
    an approach-avoidance conflict.
  5. Research suggests that a high level of arousal may be most optimal for the performance of a task when:
    the task is simple.
  6. The alarm stage of Hans Selye’s general adaptation syndrome is essentially the same as:
    the fight-or-flight response.
  7. The brain structure responsible for initiating action along the two major pathways through which the brain sends signals to the endocrine system is the:
  8. You have been doing poorly in your psychology class and are in danger of flunking. Which of the following qualifies as a defense mechanism in response to this situation?
    You deny the reality that you are hopelessly behind in the class,convinced that you will somehow ace the final without seeking help.
  9. Physical and emotional exhaustion, cynicism, and lowered self-efficacy attributable to chronic work-related stress is referred to as:
  10. Which personality trait seems to be most strongly related to increased coronary risk?
  11. Many students develop colds and other minor ailments during final exams. This probably happens because:
    stress can suppress immune functioning.
  12. Research has found that optimists are more likely than pessimists to:
    engage in action-oriented, problem-focused coping.
  13. Which of the following has not been found to be a mode of transmission for the HIV virus?
    sharing food
  14. According to Albert Ellis, problematic emotional reactions are caused by:
    catastrophic thinking.
  15. In evaluating health statistics, it is useful to:
    consider base rates in thinking about probabilities.
  16. This expert on patient behavior has analyzed why people fail to seek medical treatment as promptly as they should.
    Robin DiMatteo
  17. According to this theorist, catastrophic thinking causes, aggravates,and perpetuates emotional reactions to stress that are often unhealthy.
    Albert Ellis
  18. This psychologist’s broaden-and-build theory has shed light on how positive emotions can promote resilience in the face of stress.
    Barbara Fredrickson
  19. This research team is famous for describing the Type A personality and investigating its role in heart disease.
    Meyer Friedman and Ray Rosenman
  20. This research team devised the Social Readjustment Rating Scale and studied life change as a form of stress.
    Thomas Holmes and Richard Rahe
  21. This individual showed that everyday hassles can be an important form of stress.
    Richard Lazarus
  22. This theorist coined the term stress and described the general adaptation syndrome.
    Hans Selye
  23. Check your understanding of the two major pathways along which the brain sends signals to the endocrine system in the event of stress by separating the eight terms below into two sets of four and arranging each set in the appropriate sequence.
    Pathway 1:
    hypothalamus, sympathetic division of the ANS, adrenal medulla, catecholamines.
  24. Check your understanding of the two major pathways along which the brain sends signals to the endocrine system in the event of stress by separating the eight terms below into two sets of four and arranging each set in the appropriate sequence.
    Pathway 2:
    pituitary, ACTH, adrenal cortex, corticosteroids.
  25. Marie is late for an appointment but is stuck in line at the bank.

    Types of stress:
    frustration, conflict, change, pressure
  26. Tamika decides that she won’t be satisfied unless she gets straight A’s this year.

    Types of stress:frustration, conflict, change, pressure
    Pressure to perform
  27. Jose has just graduated from business school and has taken an exciting new job.

    Types of stress:frustration, conflict, change, pressure
    Change associated with leaving school and taking a new job
  28. Morris has just been fired from his job and needs to find another.

    Types of stress:frustration, conflict, change, pressure
    • a. Frustration due to loss of job
    • c. Change in life circumstances
    • d. Pressure to perform (in quickly
    • obtaining new job)
  29. John can’t decide whether to take a demeaning job in a car wash or to goon welfare.
  30. Desiree wants to apply to a highly selective law school, but she hates to risk the possibility of rejection.
  31. Vanessa has been shopping for a new car and is torn between a nifty little sports car and a classy sedan, both of which she really likes.

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Chapter 14
2014-02-14 02:01:38

Stress,Coping and Health
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