302_Hip_quiz

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Author:
itzlinds
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261941
Filename:
302_Hip_quiz
Updated:
2014-02-16 10:41:29
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Hip Quiz
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Hip Quiz
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  1. Name the 3 bones that make up the hip (coxal) bones:
    • ilium
    • pubis
    • ischium
  2. which 2 bones are considered part of the both the pelvis and the vertebral column:
    • sacrum
    • coccyx
  3. describe the difference bw a typical male and female pelvis:
    females have...

    • broader pelvis for child
    • wider iliac crest
    • larger pelvic bowl
  4. which structure can be palpated by following the superior pelvis from the ASIS to the PSIS on the side of the torso:
    iliac crest
  5. which bones are often called "sit bones":
    ischial tuberosity
  6. which bony landmark can be located by sliding your fingerpads inferiorly 4 to 6 in. along the lateral side of the thigh:
    greater trochanter
  7. which structure is located on the medial surface of the ilium and serves as an attachment site for the iliacus muscle:
    iliac fossa
  8. which bone is comprised of 4-5 fused vertebrae:

    which bone is comprised of 3-4 fused bones:
    • which bone is comprised of 4-5 fused vertebrae: sacrum
    • which bone is comprised of 3-4 fused bones: coccyx
  9. the ridge running down the center of the sacrum is the:
    medial sacral crest
  10. the coccyx is located nearest to which topographical feature:
    gluteal cleft
  11. which joint can be found just inferior and medial to the PSIS:
    sacroiliac
  12. which bony landmark can be found just distal to the greater trochanter and directly lateral to the ischial tuberosity:
    gluteal tuberosity
  13. the bony prominences located on the superior part of the pubic crest:
    pubic tubercles
  14. the superior ramus of the pubis forms a ridge that serves as an attachment site for the:
    pectineus muscle
  15. the rami of the pubis form a bridge between the _____ and the _____
    pubic crest and the ischial tuberosity
  16. list the synergist of hip extension:
    • biceps femoris (long head)
    • adductor magnus
  17. list the antagonist of hip extension:
    rectus femoris
  18. list the synergist of hip adduction:
    • gracilis
    • gluteus maximius
    • pectineus
  19. list the antagonist of hip adduction:
    tensor fasciae latae
  20. list the synergist of medial rotation of the flexed knee:
    • semitendinosus
    • semimembranosus
    • sartorius
  21. list the antagonist of medial rotation of the flexed knee
    biceps femoris
  22. list the synergist of knee extension (3):
    vastus...

    • lateralis
    • medialis
    • intermedius
  23. list the antagonist of knee extension (2):
    • gracilis
    • gastroc
  24. list the synergists of hip abduction (3):
    glute...

    • max
    • med
    • min
  25. list the antagonist of hip abduction (1):
    pectineus
  26. list the synergists of medial rotation of the hip (4):
    • glute med
    • glute min
    • gracilis
    • pectineus
  27. list the antagonist of medial rotation of the hip (1):
    biceps femoris
  28. list the synergists of knee flexion (3):
    • biceps femoris
    • gracilis
    • gastroc
  29. list the antagonist of the flexion of the knee (1):
    rectus femoris
  30. list the synergists of lateral (external) rotation of the hip (3):
    • piriformis
    • psoas major
    • iliacus
  31. list the antagonist of lateral (external) rotation of the hip (3):
    • adductor magnus
    • adductor longus
    • adductor brevis
  32. list the synergists of lateral rotation of the flexed knee (1):
    biceps femoris
  33. list the antagonists of lateral rotation of the flexed knee (3):
    • semitendinosus
    • semimembranosus
    • sartorius
  34. list the synergist of flexion of the hip (2):
    • tensor fasciae latae
    • sartorius
  35. list the antagonist of flexion of the hip (2):
    • gluteus maximus
    • gluteus medius
  36. the muscles of the pelvis and thigh primarily create movement at the ___________ and _____________ joints:
    • coxal (hip)
    • tibiofemoral (knee)
  37. the only quadricpes muscle tht corsses two joints, the hip and the knee is:
    rectus femoris
  38. deep to the iliotibial tract, the ______ is the sole muscle of the lateral thigh:
    vastus lateralis
  39. to follow the path of the rectus femoris, it is helpful to draw an imaginary line from the _______ to the _______:
    • anterior inferior iliac spine
    • patella
  40. all 3 hamstrings share a common origin at the:
    ischial tuberosity
  41. the hamstrings are located on the posterior thigh between the ________ and the ______ muscles:
    • vastus lateralis
    • adductor magnus
  42. in which direction does the biceps femoris rotate the hip?
    laterally
  43. the most superficial of the medial hamstrings is the:
    semitendinosus
  44. biceps femoris...

    origin:
    insertion:
    • origin: ischial tuberosity, latera lip of the linea aspera
    • insertion: head of the fibula
  45. rectus femoris...


    origin:
    insertion:
    • origin: anterior inferior iliac spine
    • insertion: tibial tuberosity (via the patella and patellar ligament)
  46. semimembranosus...

    origin:
    insertion:
    • origin: ischial tuberosity
    • insertion: posterior aspect of medial condyle of tibia
  47. semitendinosus....

    origin:
    insertion:
    • origin: ischial tuberosity
    • insertion: proximal, medial shaft of the tibia at pes anserinus tendon
  48. vastus intermedius...

    origin:
    insertion:
    • origin: anterior and lateral shaft of the femur
    • insertion: tibial tuberosity (via the patella and the patellar ligament)
  49. vastus lateralis...

    origin:
    insertion:
    • origin: lateral lip of linea aspera, gluteal tuberosity, and greater trochanter
    • ¬†insertion: tibial tuberosity (via the patella and the patellar ligament)
  50. vastus medialis....

    origin:
    insertion:
    • origin: medial lip of the linea aspera
    • insertion: tibial tuberosity (via the patella and the patellar ligament)
  51. passive flexion of the knee would (lengthen/shorten) the vastus lateralis:
    lengthen
  52. passive titling of the pelvis anteriorly would (lengthen/shorten) the biceps femoris:
    lengthen
  53. passive medial rotation of the hip would (lengthen/shorten) the semitendinosus:
    shorten
  54. passive extension of the keen would (lengthen/shorten) the vastus intermedius.
    shorten
  55. passive lateral rotation of the flexed knee would
    (lengthen/shorten) the biceps femoris:
    shorten
  56. passive flexion of the hip would (lengthen/shorten) the semitendinosus, but (lengthen/shorten) the rectus femoris:
    • lengthen
    • shorten
  57. of the 3 gluteal muscles, the ______ is the most posterior and superficial:
    gluteus maximus
  58. which gluteal muscle has the ability to flex and extend the hip (but not simultaneously)?
    gluteus medius
  59. locating the coccyx, the posterior 2 inches of the iliac crest and gluteal tuberosity will help you to outline which muscle?
    gluteus maximus
  60. to palpate gluteus minimus, you need to sink your fingers deep to which muscle?
    gluteus medius
  61. to locate both gluteus medius and minimus in a sidelying position, you could ask your partner to perform which movement:
    abduction
  62. the adductor tendons form a connective tissue drape along the base of the pelvis extending from which 2 bony landmarks:
    • superior ramus of the pubis
    • ischial tuberosity
  63. located just anterior to the hamstrings, _______ is the most posterior of the adductor muscles:
    adductor magnus
  64. gracilis is the only adductor to cross which joint:
    knee
  65. what 2 actions are common to all the muscles of the adductor muscle group:
    • adduct the hip
    • medially rotate the hip
  66. you will find the prominent tendons of the gracilis and the adductor longus extending off of, or near by, which bony landmark:
    pubic tubericle
  67. which muscle can be located just anterior to the prominent adductor tendon:
    pectineus
  68. which muscle can be located between the ischial tuberosity and the adductor tubercle:
    adductor magnus
  69. adductor brevis....

    origin:
    insertion:
    • origin: inferior ramus of pubis
    • insertion: pectineal line and medial lip of linea aspera
  70. adductor longus...

    origin:
    insertion:
    • origin: pubic tubercle
    • insertion: medial lip of linea aspera
  71. adductor magnus...

    origin:
    insertion:
    • origin: inferior ramus of pubis, ramus of ischium and ischial tuberosity
    • insertion: medial lip of linea aspera and adductor tubercle
  72. gluteus maximus...

    origin:
    insertion:
    • origin: coccyx, edge of sacrum, posterior iliac crest, sacrotuberous and sacroiliac ligaments
    • insertion: iliotibial tract (upper fibers) and gluteal tuberosity (lower fibers)
  73. gluteus medius...

    origin:
    insertion:
    • origin: gluteal surface of the ilium, between the posterior and anterior gluteal lines, just below the iliac crest
    • insertion: lateral aspect of greater trochanter
  74. gluteus minimus...

    origin:
    insertion:
    • origin: gluteal surface of the ilium, between the anterior and inferior gluteal lines
    • insertion: anterior aspect of the greater trochanter
  75. gracilis...

    origin:
    insertion:
    • origin: inferior ramus of pubis
    • insertion: proximal, medial shaft of the tibia at the pes anserinus tendon
  76. pectineus...


    origin:
    insertion:
    • origin: superior ramus of the pubis
    • insertion: pectineal line of femur
  77. passive abduction of the hip would (shorten/lengthen) the adductor brevis and longus:
    lengthen
  78. passive lateral rotation of the hip would (shorten/lengthen) the gluteus maximus:
    shorten
  79. passive extension of the hip would (shorten/lengthen) the posterior fibers of the adductor magnus:
    shorten
  80. passive adduction of the hip would (shorten/lengthen) the gluteus medius:
    lengthen
  81. passive lateral rotation of the hip would (shorten/lengthen) the gluteus minimus:
    lengthen
  82. passive extension and lateral rotation of the hip would (shorten/lengthen) the gracilis:
    lengthen
  83. passive medial rotation of the hip would (shorten/lengthen) the adductors:
    shorten
  84. passive flexion of the hip would (shorten/lengthen) the gluteus maximus
    lengthen
  85. which muscle is the most accessible between the upper fibers of the rectus femoris and the gluteus medius:
    tensor fasciae latae
  86. which cablelike band of fascia can be isolated just anterior to the biceps femoris tendon:
    iliotibial tract
  87. in order to feel the tensor fasciae latae contract, position your partner in a supine position and ask him to perform what action:
    medially rotate your hip
  88. which muscle stretches from the anterior superior iliac spine to the medial knee
    sartorius
  89. the proximal fibers of the Sartorius are just lateral to which artery:
    femoral artery
  90. which 3 tendons blend together to become the pes anserinus tendon:
    • semitendinosus
    • gracilis
    • sartorius
  91. which muscle lies superficial to the sciatic nerve and can compress the nerve if overcontracted:
    piriformis
  92. to locate the piriformis, for a "T" with which 3 bony landmarks:
    • coccyx
    • PSIS
    • greater trochanter
  93. which rectangular muscle can be isolated by placing your fingerpads between the distal, posterior aspect of the greater trochanter and the ischial tuberosity:
    quatratus femoris
  94. which muscle spans from the anterior surface of the lumbar vertebrae to the lesser trochanter:
    psoas major
  95. to access the psoas major, place your finger pads between the ____ and _____ before slowly compressing toward the muscle:
    • ASIS
    • navel
  96. gemellus inferior:

    origin:
    insertion:
    • origin: ischial tuberosity
    • insertion: medial surface of greater trochanter
  97. gemellus superior...

    origin:
    insertion:
    • origin: ischial spine.
    • insertion: medial surface of greater trochanter
  98. iliacus...

    origin:
    insertion:
    • origin: iliac fossa
    • insertion: lesser trochanter
  99. obtruator externus...

    origin:
    insertion:
    • origin: rami of pubis and ischium, obturator membrane
    • insertion: trochanteric fossa of femur
  100. obturator internus...

    origin:
    insertion:
    • origin: obturator membrane and inferior surface of obturator foramen
    • insertion: medial surface of greater trochanter
  101. pirifromis...

    origin:
    insertion:
    • origin: anterior surface of sacrum
    • insertion: superior aspect of greater trochanter
  102. psoas major...

    origin:
    insertion:
    • origin: bodies and transverse processes of lumbar vertebrae
    • insertion: lesser trochanter
  103. psoas minor...

    origin:
    insertion:
    • origin: body and transverse process of 1st lumbar vertebrae
    • insertion: superior ramus of pubis
  104. quadratus femoris...

    origin:
    insertion:
    • origin: lateral border of ischial tuberosity
    • insertion: intertrochanteric crest, between the greater and lesser trochanters
  105. Sartorius...


    origin:
    insertion:
    • origin: anterior superior iliac spine
    • insertion: proximal, medial shaft of the tibia at pes anserinus tendon
  106. tensor fasciae latae...

    origin:
    insertion:
    • origin: iliac crest, posterior to the ASIS
    • insertion: iliotibial tract

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