Card Set Information
Ch 5 Words
Chapter 5 Words
Blocks the action of the enzyme that causes the blood vessels to contract resulting in hypertension.
A lower than normal number of red blood cells in the blood.
A localized weak spot or balloon-like enlargement of the wall of an artery.
A condition of episodes of severe chest pain due to inadequate blood flow to the myocardium.
A procedure in which a small balloon is used to open a partially blocked coronary artery by flattening the plaque deposit and stretching the lumen.
Medication administered to slow blood clotting and to prevent new clots from forming; also known as a thrombolytic agent.
A type of anemia that is marked by an absence of all formed blood elements.
An abnormality, or the loss of the normal rhythm, of the heartbeat.
The surgical removal of plaque from the interior lining of an artery.
A deposit of plaque on or within the arterial wall.
Hardening and narrowing of the arteries due to a buildup of cholesterol plaque.
occurs when the normal rhythmic contractions of the atria are replaced by rapid irregular twitching of the muscular heart wall
automated external defibrillator
device that samples the heart's electrical rhythms, and when necessary, externally shocks the heart to restore a normal cardiac rhythm
A medication that reduces the workload of the heart by slowing the rate of the heart beat
Any pathologic condition of the cellular elements of the blood.
An abnormally slow heartbeat.
An event in which the heart abruptly stops or develops a very abnormal arrhythmia that prevents it from pumping blood
A procedure in which a catheter is passed into a vein or artery and is guided into the heart.
The term used to describe all diseases of the heart muscle.
Surgical removal of the lining of a portion of a clogged carotid artery leading to the brain
A fatty substance that travels through the blood and is found in all parts of the body.
chronic venous insufficiency
A condition in which venous circulation is inadequate due to partial vein blockage or leakage of venous valves.
Damage to the heart muscle caused by a thrombus blocking a coronary artery.
The use of electrical shock to restore the heart's normal rhythm.
Medication administered to stimulate the kidneys to increase the secretion of urine to rid the body of excess sodium and water.
A record of the electrical activity of the myocardium.
Blockage of a vessel by an embolus.
A foreign object such as a blood clot, a quantity of air or gas, or a bit of tissue or tumor that is circulating in the blood.
Inflammation of the inner layer of the heart.
Mature red blood cells.
The iron-containing pigment of the erythrocytes that transports oxygen from the lungs to all of the body tissues.
A condition of an inadequate number of circulating erythrocytes due to the premature destruction of these cells by the spleen.
To control bleeding.
ischemic heart disease
A group of cardiac disabilities resulting from an insufficient supply of oxygenated blood to the heart.
A malignancy characterized by a progressive increase of abnormal leukocytes.
White blood cells.
Any situation in which the total number of leukocytes in the circulating blood is less than normal.
The bone marrow produces abnormal red blood cells known as megaloblasts, which have a reduced capacity to carry oxygen.
A group of bone marrow disorders that are characterized by the insufficient production of one or more types of blood cells due to dysfunction of the bone marrow.
Blockage of a coronary artery.
Low blood pressure that occurs in a standing posture.
The double-walled membranous sac that encloses the heart.
A form of anemia caused by a lack of the protein that helps the body absorb vitamin B12 which is necessary for the formation of red blood cells
Inflammation of a vein.
A peripheral arterial occlusive disease in which intermittent attacks are triggered by cold or stress.
The presence of pathogenic microorganisms or their toxins in the blood.
sickle cell anemia
A genetic disorder that causes abnormal hemoglobin, resulting in some red blood cells assuming an abnormal sickle shape.
An abnormally rapid heartbeat.
thallium stress test
A diagnostic test performed to evaluate how well blood flows through the coronary arteries to the heart muscle during exercise.
A condition in which there is an abnormally small number of platelets in the circulating blood
Medication administered to slow blood clotting and to prevent new clots from forming; also known as an anticoagulant.
An abnormal condition in which a thrombus develops within a blood vessel.
A blood clot attached to the interior wall of a vein or artery.
An inflammatory condition of a heart valve.
Abnormally swollen veins that usually occur in the legs
The rapid, irregular, and useless contractions of the ventricles.
A very rapid heart beat that begins within the ventricles.
blood or lymph vessel
plaque, fatty substance
a mixture or blending
blood, blood condition
hem/o or hemat/o
blood, relating to the blood