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- Emotions are a mix of 1) physiological activation, 2) expressive behaviors, and 3) conscious
The controversy when dealing with evaluating Emotion are
William James and Carl Lange proposed that physiological activity precedes the emotional experience
- proposed that an
- emotion-triggering stimulus and the body's arousal take place simultaneously
During an emotional
experience, our ____ ____ ____
mobilizes energy in the body that arouses us.
autonomic nervous system
Discuss the relationship between arousal and performance
Name three emotions that involve similar physiological
Many physiological responses
- related to the emotions of fear, anger, and sexual arousal are very
Yet, they look and feel different
Describe some physiological and brain pattern indicators of
The _____ shows differences in
activation during the emotions of anger and rage.
The role of Cognition
- An aroused state can be experienced as one emotion or
- another depending on how we interpret or label it.
- E.g.—arousal after exercise interpreted as anger in
- response to provocation
- So, arousal fuels emotion, and cognition channels or
- shapes it.
What are some emotions not always preceeded by Cognitition
- for less complex emotions such as fear, and simple likes
- and dislikes.
Most of us are good at deciphering emotions through___ _____ . In a crowd of faces a single angry face will “pop
out” faster than a single happy face
women tend to read _____ ___ more accurately than men
gestures can be ____ _____ but ____ _____ are more consistent
In _____cultures, emotional displays are often more intense and prolonged
speculated that our ancestors communicated with facial expressions in the absence of language.
facial expressions may also
reflect physical reactions that enhanced survival
Describe some of the factors that affect our ability to decipher non-verbal cues.
experience can sensitize people to certain emotions
E.g., abused children identify angry faces more quickly than other children
True or False
facial expressions may also reflect physical reactions that enhanced survival.
- True, Darwin speculated that our ancestors communicated with facial
- expressions in the absence of language.
behavior feedback phenomenon.
- expressions not only communicate emotion, but they can
- amplify and regulate emotion.
- If sad facial expressions are manipulated, like furrowing brows, people feel more sad while looking
- at sad pictures.
Izard (1977) isolated
10 emotions. Most of
them are present in
infancy, except for ____,
_____ and _____.
contempt, shame, guilt
describe emotions along
- and arousal (high v. low).
The _____ plays in important
role in creating fear associations in certain situations.
differences in coping
More boys reported walking away or working it off with
More girls reported talking with a friend, music, or
Cultural differences in anger coping
Why isnt The catharsis hypothesis is not supported?
- behavior breeds more aggressive feelings
Instead of worrying about being wealthy to be happy one should....
Be always grateful for what you already have
- Like the
- adaptation to brightness, volume, and touch, people adapt to income levels.
- “Satisfaction has a short half-life” (Ryan, 1999).
Deprivation is the perception that we are relatively worse off than
those we compare ourselves with.
- is the perception that we are relatively worse off than
- those we compare ourselves with.