Art History Test 2

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Art History Test 2
2014-02-19 10:22:13

Art history
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  1. Royal Standard of Ur

    1. It is from 2600 BCE

    2 This is called the Royal Standard of Ur

    3. It was found in the Royal Cementary in the city of Ur

    4. The man who found the Royal Standard of Ur was, Leonard Woolley

    5.On the Royal Standard of Ur, there are four panels

    6. There are two sides of the Royal Standard of Ur that tell stories, there are the Peace side and the War side.

    7. There is a hierarchael scale that is used on this, on the top where there is more emphasise put on the king, as he stands out bigger than the rest

    8. The Royal Standard of Ur is read from the bottom to top

    9. It is unknown whether the peace and war stories are meant to be read together or if they are separate from one another.

    10. On the war side, the king has a leg of an animal

    11. This is made out of lapis lazuli
  2. 1. This is called the Law Code of Hammurabi

    2. It was made in 1760 B.C.E

    3. You can see this piece in the Louvre museum in Paris France

    4. It is made out of Diorite, which is a hard black volcanic rock

    5. The code stands at a little over 7 feet tall

    6. On the top of the code, you can see Hammurabi standing talking to the God Shamash to show his close relationship with God

    7. Shamash is seated and looks so much bigger than Hammurabi to display his God like persona, much more superior than Hammurabi

    8. The pieces of writing of the code are, over 100 specific laws and punishments, Hammurabi stating why he is king, and giving ode to glory

    9. The top part of the code which displays Hammurabi and Shamash is a low relief type of art

    10. Shamash is handing a rope ring, and the measuring rod of Kingship to Hammurabi to show how Hammurabi was chosen by God to be king

    11. This is considered the earliest and oldest written laws recorded in history
  3. 1. This is the Ishtar Gate

    2. The Gate is currently in the Pergamon Museum in Berlin

    3. This is one of the 8 double gates in Babylon

    4. It was constructed in the year 575 B.C. by the king at the time King Nebuchadnezzar II

    5. The Ishtar gate was dedicated to the Babylon Goddess Ishtar, which is the reason why this gate is called the Ishtar Gate

    6. There are animals on the gate to represent different dieties. The lion represents the god Ishtar, the bulls with Adad, and dragons with Marduk. To bring prosperity to the land.

    7. This specific gate was used as the entrance of Babylon

    8. On the side of the Gate there is a dedication by Nebuchadnezzar displaying his point of view on the purpose behind the gate

    9. The gate was Nebuchadnezzar's idea to beautify the Empire

    10. Copper was used to create the blue color on the bricks
  4. 1. This is the Audience Hall of Darius

    2. It was made in 515 B.C.E

    3. This is located in Persepolis Iran

    4. There are 23 people made on the Audience Hall of Darius to represent the 23 nations of the empire

    5. The bricks used in building this were from Babylon

    6. There are double staircases made for symmetry 

    7. The 23 people are of a low relief type of artwork

    8. It is set in a plateau at zagaumus high land

    9. The stones used were added to make color

    10. It was used as a meeting place