Thanatology Test #2

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  1. soul bell
    • public notice that a death has occurred
    • determine age, sex and social status
  2. Western European culture (3)
    • Middle ages - church influence the way people died - people did not fear death
    • Early Medieval period - dead were asleep and will resurrect with Christ.
    • During High Middle Ages - anxiety about Judgement Day
  3. Judgement Day
    • Individual's good or bad deeds would determine their fate.
    • The Book of life
  4. Age of Transitition
    • Renaissance Period
    • changes in how people related to death
    • realized that death could be manipulated & shaped by human beings
  5. Romantic Movement
    start to believe in memorials and funerals
  6. End of tamed death
    • ww1
    • total war affecting civilians and combatants
    • dying moved from home to hospital
  7. Middle ages Deathbed scene
    • dying person prayed followed by confession of sins then granted absolution
    • was a public ceremony
  8. speculum mortis
    the mirror in which the dying person could discover their destiny by tallying the moral balance sheet of their life
  9. Later centuries deathbed scene
    • religion less prominent
    • hope for immortality and reunion with loved ones
    • focus from dying person to surviors
  10. Roman Era burial custom
    • graveyards on outskirts of settlements
    • burial inside settlement = special honor
  11. Middle Ages burial customs
    important to be buried close to a martyr
  12. Charnel houses
    • burial within churchyards
    • galleries where the bones of the dead entrusted with the Church
  13. Ossuary
    • a charnel house
    • located at a European monastery
  14. Paris Catacombs
    • piles of femurs and skulls
    • common graves periodically opened so bones could be safely kept until the resurrection
  15. Effigies
    maintain bonds with the deceased by perpetuating their memory
  16. Cemetery movement
    replace untended graveyards with well kept cemetaries
  17. Danse Macbre
    • dance of death
    • influenced by mass death
    • expressed via drama, poetry and music
  18. Anatomical Theater
    • public anatomy dissections
    • held in church
  19. beautiful death
    • where there is love, death can be beautiful
    • day of the dead
    • Halloween costumes
  20. Day of the dead
    death confronted with irony or humorous sarcasm
  21. Shosoni
    • variety of beliefs about afterlife
    • dead may travel to another world or stay ere to become ghosts
    • dead could transmigrate into other objects
  22. Hopi
    death kept at a distance
  23. Cocopa
    • wail in "ecstasy of violent grief"
    • possessions burned with the body for use in the afterlife
    • spirits invited
  24. Ohlone
    • corpse adorned with flowers
    • possessions burned with corpse
    • name not mentioned during "dangerous" period
  25. Cherokee
    • multiple-soul concept
    • 4 souls and 4 stages of death
    • grave tended for only a year
  26. Mass media
    • disasters, famous deaths, ordinary joe
    • lead to revictimization
  27. Lots of death scenes
    unrealistic portrayals which cause viewers to be less sensitive to real violence
  28. comfort quilts
    • bring people closer to what language cannot reach
    • comfort those left behind
  29. Humour
    • defuses anxiety about death
    • gives us a way to talk about death
Card Set
Thanatology Test #2
2014 thanatology test 2
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