muscle joints and bone test

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sillychicken
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262107
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muscle joints and bone test
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2014-02-17 01:18:55
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fortis muscle joints bone test
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muscle joints and bones test
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  1. What are the four muscles that make up the rotator cuff?
    •                             
    • Supraspinatus                       
    • Infraspinatus
    • Teres minor
    • Subscapularis
  2. what muscles make up the hamstring group?
    • Biceps femoris
    • semitendinosis
    • semimembranosis
  3. what muscles make up the quadriceps group
    • rectus femoris
    • vastus lateralis 
    • vastus intermedius
    • vastus medialis
  4. what is the orgin of the supraspinatus
    superior spineous fossa
  5. what is the insertion of the supraspinatus
    greater tubricle of the humerous
  6. what is the action of the supraspinatus
    abducts the arm
  7. what is the orgin of the biceps femoris
    ischial tuberosity and the posterior surface of the femur
  8. what is the insertion of the biceps femoris
    head of the fibula and lateral condyle of the tibia
  9. what is the action of the biceps femoris
    extends the thigh
  10. what is the orgin of the semitendinosis
    ischial tuberosity
  11. what is the insertion of the semitendinosis
    medial surface of the tibia
  12. what is the action of the semitendinosis
    extends the thigh
  13. what is the orgin of the semimembranosis
    ischial tuberosity
  14. what is the insertion of the semimembranosis
    medial condyle of the tibia
  15. what is the action of the semimembranosis
    extends the thigh
  16. what is the orgin of the rectus femoris
    spine of the illium and the acetabulum
  17. what is the insertion of the rectus femoris
    patella by the tendon
  18. what is the acton of the rectus femoris
    extends leg at knee
  19. what is the orgin of the vastus lateralis
    greater trochanter and the posterior surface of femur
  20. what is the insertion of the vastus lateralis
    patella by the tendon
  21. what is the action of the vastus lateralis
    extends leg at the knee
  22. what is the orgin of the vastus medialis
    medial surface of the femur
  23. what is the insertion of the vastus medialis
    patella by the tendon
  24. what is the action of the vastus medialis
    extends leg at knee
  25. what is the orgin of the vastus intermedias
    anterior and lateral surface of the femur
  26. what is the insertion of the vastus intermedias
    patella by the tendon
  27. what is the action of the vastus intermedias
    extends leg at knee
  28. what are the three types of joints
    • synovial
    • cartelagenous
    • fibrous
  29. what are the 3 subcategories of a fibrous joint
    • syndesomis
    • sutures
    • and gomphosis
  30. where is a syndesmosis joint found
    in between the radius and ulna and also inbetween the tibia and fibula
  31. where are suture joints found
    in the skull
  32. where are gomphosis joints found
    teeth
  33. what are 2 subcategories of cartelagenous joints
    • synchondrosis
    • symphisis
  34. where are sychondrosis joints found
    the growth plate
  35. where are symphysis joints found
    intervertebral discs and pubic synthesis
  36. what are the 6 subcategories of synovial joint
    • ball and socket
    • condylar
    • plane/gliding
    • hinge
    • saddle
    • pivot
  37. where is a ball and socket joint found
    in the hip and the shoulder
  38. where is a condylar joint found
    between the metacarpals and the phylanges
  39. where is a plane/gliding joint found
    joints in the wrist and ankle
  40. where is a hinge joint found
    in the elbow and phylanges
  41. where is a saddle joint found
    carpals, metacarpals and joints of the thumb
  42. where is a pivot joint found
    the dens
  43. what is a syndesomis joint
    means a ligament that connects
  44. what are the steps to a smooth muscle contraction
    • 1. nerve impulse causes c++ release
    • 2. c++ binds with calmodulin
    • 3. calmodulin activates MLCK(myosin light chain kinese
    • 4. MLCK take phosphate from ATP and breaks bond on myosin head from previous contraction
    • 5. myosin head resets binds to the actin and contracts
    • 6.
  45. skeletal muscle contraction
    • 1. nerve impulse causes c++ release
    • 2. c++ binds to troponin and make tropomysin move
    • 3. myosin binds to actin
    • 4. causes power stroke (muscle contraction)
    • 5. ATP binds to myosin head for a subsequent power stroke
  46. what is the ACL
    anterior cruciate ligament. ligament crosses just below the patella
  47. what is the PCL
    posterior cruciate ligament
  48. what are the three types of arthritis
    • rheumatoid
    • osteoarthritis
    • lyme arthritis
  49. what are the causes/symptoms/ treatment for rheumatoid arthritis
    • auto-immune disorder
    • loss of function, pain and swelling
    • asprin cox2 inhibitors
  50. what are the causes/symptoms/treatments for osteoarthritis
    • degeneritive
    • pain/ loss of motion
    • anti-inflamatory, excersize, glucosamine, and hyaluronic acid supplements
  51. what are the causes/symptoms/treatments for lyme arthritis
    • from tick bites
    • treated with antibiotics
  52. what is the orgin of the infraspinatus
    inferior spinous fossa
  53. what is the insertion of the infraspinatus
    greater tubricle of the humerous
  54. what is the action of the infraspinatus
    rotates arm laterally
  55. what is the orgin of the teres minor
    lateral border of the scapula
  56. what is the insertion of the teres minor
    greater tubricle of the humerous
  57. what is the action of the teres minor
    rotates arm laterally
  58. what is the orgin of the subscapularis
    subscapular fossa
  59. what is the insertion of the subscapularis
    lesser tubricle of the humerous
  60. what is the action of the subscapularis
    rotates arm medially

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