Chapter 1 NTD303
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Chapter 1 NTD303
NTD303 first test
diseases that develop over a long period of time
ex of chronic disease?
the science of foods and nutrients and other substances they contain and of their actions within the body
products derived from plants or animals that can be taken into the body to yield energy and nutrients for the maintenance of life and the growth and repair of tissue
the foods and beverages a person eats and drinks
what is the number 1 reason most people choose to eat certain foods?
top three appeals for taste are?
example of a habit?
coffee every morning
choices are based on?
ethnic heritage or tradition
availability, convenience and economy
positive and negative associations
foods that contain physiologically active compounds that provide health benefits beyond their nutrient contributions
non-nutrient compounds is plant derived foods that have biological activity in the body
ex of functional foods?
when you add extra nutrients to a food, like calcium
ex of phytochemicals?
fresh fruits and vegetables, oatmeal
foods tweaked to lower the fat content, ex 1% milk
chemical substances obtained from food and used in the body to provide energy, structural materials, and regulatory agents to support growth, maintenance and repair of the body's tissues
the capacity to do work
nutrients a person must obtain from food because the body cannot make them for itself
units of energy called kcals in nutrition
essential nutrients are obtained from?
energy = _____ = _____
the 6 classes of nutrients can be grouped in terms of ?
6 classes of nutrients?
non energy yielding nutrients?
energy yielding nutrients?
hydrogen and oxygen
only nutrient with nitrogen in its chemical structure?
non energy yielding nutrients do not provide?
anything _____ contains chem
carbs provide how many kcal?
protein provide how many kcals?
fat provide how many k cals?
alcohol provides how many kcal?
nutrient composition in the body is made up mostly of? 2nd? 3rd?
carbs, protein, vitamins, minerals
nutrients needed in large amounts of to sustain life
ex of macronutrient?
carbs, protein, lipids water
nutrients needed in smaller amounts to sustain life
ex of micronutrient?
vitamins and minerals
(don't provide with energy)
water soluble vitamins?
B and C
fat soluble vitamins?
A, D, E, K
almost every bodily action requires assistance from?
ex of destruction to vitamins?
milk store in opaque containers
thirteen organic vitamins
facilitate energy release
vulnerable to destruction
do not yield energy
sixteen essential minerals
medium for all body activities
amount of energy in food depends?
on macronutrient composition
a measure of the energy food provides relative to the amount of food
materials for building body tissues
regulation of bodily activities
if the body doesn't use the energy, ?
it turns into fat
DRI's set standards for?
other dietary components
estimated average requirements
average amount sufficient for half of population
recommended dietary allowances
recommendations to meet needs of most healthy people
98% of population
need scientific evidence to develop ____, if not then you have ____
RDA's are based on?
expected to exceed average requirements
tolerable upper intake levels
point where nutrient is likely to be toxic
estimated energy requirement
average dietary energy intake to maintain energy balance
how many calories you should be eating per day
the deficiency or the excess of a nutrient of energy
symptoms of malnutrition?
acceptable macronutrient distribution ranges
What does the AMDR do?
reduce risk of chronic disease
adequate energy and nutrients
percent kcals from carbohydrate
percent kcals from fat?
percent kcals from protein?
Nutrition assessment is based on?
take sombodys height, weight, BMI, body fat %
labs we can get from blood or urine
take blood pressure
24 hr food recall
socioeconomic status, budget, working stove
which leading causes of death have a direct link to nutrition?
leading cause of death?
healthy people 2020 says?
increase the proportion of adults who are at a healthy weight
reduce the proportion of adults who are obese
when you aren't taking in enough of a nutrient through your diet?
you get enough of the nutrient in your diet, but you are either not absorbing or converting is properly in your body