Vincent, the vice president of HR, is studying the profile of the organization's workforce. Vincent's employer is a utility company and essentially provides life-time employment for workers, and the turnover rate is very low. Vincent's eye is caught by a troubling aspect of the profile, and he says to himself, "This must be the result of the 7-year hiring freeze we had back in the 1980s," and the low-level of hiring through the 1990s. Vincent has probably noticed
a potential shortage of experienced employees as older workers retire.