Art Periods/Movements

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  1. Renaissance through Romanticism and Realism
    *Beginning  in the 14th century. 

    *Started by Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo.

    *Start because of industrial and political revolutions.

    *Depicting clearly recognizable subjects – typically with religious, mythological or aristocratic themes continued throughout Romanticism, particularly focusing on glorious light and dramatic scenes. The Realists took a step further from “classical” art subjects and began capturing the social changes at that time.

    *Art evolved in the following centuries to embrace more evocative use of light. Artists also started to depict landscapes and stiff life as the subject matter of their paintings.
  2. Modernism
    *Modernismis loosely considered to have begun in the early- to mid-1800s. 

    *Francisco Goya is often considered a key progenitor of the modern Movement 

    *They want to focus on “real” life and people rather than mythology, religion and the aristocracy.  

    *One of the most broadly interpreted eras in art which typically encompasses numerous other movements, including impressionism, abstract expressionism.
  3. Impressionism
    *It was a 19th-century art movement that increase distinction in the 1870s and 1880s. 

    *They start with the Barbizon painters. 

    *The genesis of it was the invention of photography; photography replaced the need for representational painting. 

    *Famous Artists: Claude Monet, Vincent van Gogh, Pierre-AugusteRenior 

    *Characteristics include an unfinished texture with visible brush strokes, open composition, emphasis on light, ordinary subject matter, and unusual visual angles. 

    *The first Artists to "free" painting from slavery to the visual illusion of reality,and allow the two-dimensional surface to be recognized and respected for what it was.
  4. Fauvism
    • *Starts the first decade of the 1900s.
    • *Henri Matisse was among its most well-known proponents. 

    *The name “fauvism” is derived from the French word “fauve,” which translates literally to “wild beast.”

    *Famous Artists: Henri Matisse, André Derain, Paul Cézanne. 

    *This movement emphasized further abstraction of form and, color, with strident brush work and non-representative color.
  5. Cubism
    *Was a 20th century avant-garde art movement.

    *Pioneered by Picasso and Braque. 

    *Was created to revolutionized European painting and sculpture, and inspired related movements in music and literature. 

    *Famous Artists: Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque. 

    *In his artworks, objects are broken up, analyzed and re-assembled in an abstracted form, the artist depicts the subject from a multiplicity of view points simultaneously,removing a coherent sense of depth. 

    *This movement created a new completely radical concept of painting, perception and the depiction of pictorial space.
  6. Expressionism
    * The movement was advanced primarily in Germany in the first two decades of the 20th century. 

    *Marc Chagall can be described as an expressionist artist, though he drew on aspects of many different styles. 

    *Artist meant to primarily express their inner vision rather than the subject’s outward appearance. 

    *Famous Artists: Edvard Munch, Wassily Kandinsky. 

    *This movement delight in dissonant colors further away from representation into a world of sometimes barely recognizable distortions of form and subject.
  7. Surrealism
    *Figurative and Abstract Surrealism gained distinction in the 1920s, 30s and 40s. 

    *Starts with the ‘discovery’ of the subconscious mind by innovative psychiatrists, such as Sigmund Freud. 

    *Famous Artist: Dali, Miró and Magritte. 

    *Figurative Surrealists created highly detailed depictions of dream-like scenes. Abstract Surrealists employed more symbolic forms different from conscious reality.
  8. Abstract
    *The first few decades of the 20th century, this movement was the first primarily American modernist movement. 

    *Artists like Jackson Pollock and Willem de Kooning created exclusively non-representational works that captured the physical act of painting and the individual unconscious.
  9. Op Art
    *Famous Artists: Yaacov Agam, Victor Vasarely. 

    *Short for optical art.  

    *The work often utilize geometrically precise patterns to create unusual visual effects.
  10. Pop Art
    *Emerged in the mid 1950s in Britain and in the late 1950s in the United States. 

    *Start with artists included Andy Warhol and Roy Lichtenstein 

    *Is the first “post-modern” art, This Art embraced popular culture and advertising, rejecting the division between critically admired “fine art” and the “lower” art forms of commercial and comic art. 

    *This movement removes the material from its context and isolates the object, or combines it with other objects, for contemplation,often takes as its imagery what is currently in use in advertising, product labeling and logos figures. 

    *Was created to challenged artistic tradition by asserting that an artist's use of the mass-produced visual commodities of popular culture is appropriate within the perspective of fine art; through the appropriation of these images and transformation of them into “high art,” their meaning and reflections on contemporary culture can be revealing.
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Art Periods/Movements
10 art periods to learn
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