Bony Thorax

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Author:
MYKE
ID:
262278
Filename:
Bony Thorax
Updated:
2014-04-27 23:58:56
Tags:
Bony Thorax Sternum Ribs
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Description:
Bony Thorax, Sternum, and Ribs
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  1. The bony thorax consists of
    • the sternum anteriorly,
    • thoracic vertebrae posteriorly,
    • 12 pairs of ribs
  2. The ______and the cartilages of the first______  pairs of ribs connect directly to the _______.
    • clavicles 
    • seven
    • sternum
  3. The second costocartilage connects to the sternum at the level 6 of the ____ _____.
    sternal angle
  4. The third through the seventh costocartilages connect directly to the ___________.
    body of the sternum
  5. The first seven pairs of ribs are considered ______ ______. Each true rib attaches directly to the sternum by its own costocartilage
    true ribs
  6. ribs, 8 to 12, are termed ______.
    false ribs
  7. Ribs 1 to 7 are termed___ ____  and connect directly to the sternum.
    true ribs
  8. 11 and 12, which are also false ribs, are termed ____ ____ because they are not connected anteriorly
    floating ribs
  9. synovial joints allow  a_____ or ______ of movement , and are therefore diarthrodial
    a plane or gliding motion
  10. ribs (1 to 10) form a unique type of union, wherein the cartilage and bone are bound together This permits no motion; therefore, they are termed _______
    synarthrodial.
  11. The degree of obliquity required for a thin-chested patient CR requires more rotation
    (≈20°)
  12. The degree of obliquity required for a Thick-chested patient CR requires more rotation
    15
  13. If the patient’s history is not provided by the referring physician, the technologist must obtain a complete clinical history that includes the following 3 things:
    • 1. The nature of the patient’s complaint (acute versus chronic pain or how the injury occurred)
    • 2. The location of the rib pain or injury
    • 3. Whether the injury was caused by trauma to the thoracic cavity(Does the patient have difficulty in breathing?)
  14. Before beginning the procedure, the technologist also must determine whether the patient is able to stand. True or False
    True
  15. The upper___ _____  ribs generally represent the minimum number of ribs above the dome or central portion of the diaphragm on full inspiration,( how many ribs & Location)
    • 9
    • posterior
  16. To demonstrate the above-diaphragm ribs best, the technologist should do the following 3 things: t.
    • 1. Take the radiographs erect, if the patient is able to stand or sit
    • 2. Suspend respiration and expose on inspiration.
    • 3. Select lower kV (65 to 75)
  17. To demonstrate these ribs below the diaphragm best, the technologist should do the following 3 things:
    • 1. Take the radiographs with the patient recumbent (supine).This allows the diaphragm to rise to the highest position and results in a less thick abdomen
    • 2. Suspend respiration and expose on expiration. This should allow the diaphragm to rise to the level of the seventh or eighth posterior ribs
    • 3. Select a medium kV (70 to 80).*

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