chp 2 word parts and word building rules

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HPRO120
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262297
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chp 2 word parts and word building rules
Updated:
2014-02-16 20:11:40
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med term bellevue college HPRO120 chapter
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Description:
medical terminology-prefixes commonly used in medicine
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  1. a-,an-
    no, not, without, lack of, apart
  2. ad-
    toward, near, to
  3. bi-two, double
  4. de-
    down, away from
  5. di-
    two, double
  6. dia-
    through, between
  7. dif-, dis-
    apart, free from, separate
  8. dys-
    bad, diffficult, painful
  9. ec-, ecto-
    out, outside, outer
  10. end-, endo-
    within, inner
  11. ep-, epi-
    upon, over, above
  12. eu-
    good, normal
  13. ex-, exo-
    out, away from
  14. extra-
    outside, beyond
  15. hyper-
    above, beyond, excessive
  16. hypo-
    below, under, deficient
  17. in-
    in, into, not
  18. nega-
    large, great
  19. meta-
    beyond, over, between, change
  20. para-
    beside, alongside, abnormal
  21. poly-
    many, mch, excessive
  22. post-
    after, behind
  23. pre-
    before, in front of
  24. pro-
    before, in front of
  25. super-
    above, beyond
  26. supra-
    above, beyond
  27. abdomin/o
    abdomen
  28. aden/o
    gland
  29. an/o
    anus
  30. andr/o
    men
  31. angi/o
    vessel
  32. appendage
    attached to or outgrowth
  33. appendic/o
    appendix
  34. arteri/o
    artery
  35. arthr/o
    joint
  36. cardi/o
    heart
  37. cephal/o
    head
  38. cerebr/o
    cerebrum(part of the brain)
  39. cyst/o
    bladder
  40. cyt/o
    cell
  41. encephal/o
    brain
  42. enter/o
    intestines
  43. esophag/o
    esophagus
  44. gastro/o
    stomach
  45. gloss/o
    tongu
  46. gyne
    woman
  47. hem/o
    blood
  48. hepat/o
    liver
  49. hyster/o
    uterus
  50. ile/o
    ileum(small intestine)
  51. irid/o
    iris(eye)
  52. kerat/o
    cornea of eye; horny substance
  53. lamina, lamin/o
    thin, flat part of vertebra
  54. lapar/o
    abdominal wall
  55. lingua
    tongue
  56. lab/o
    lobe, as of lung or brain
  57. mamm/o
    breast
  58. mast/o
    breast
  59. my/o
    muscle
  60. myel/o
    bone marrow; spinal cord
  61. myring/o
    eardrum
  62. nephr/o
    kidney
  63. neor/o
    nerve
  64. oophor/o
    ovary
  65. ophthalm/o
    eye
  66. orchi/o
    testicle
  67. orchid/o
    testicle
  68. oste/o
    bone
  69. ot/o
    ear
  70. pancreat/o
    pancreas
  71. pharyng/o
    pharynx
  72. phleb/o
    vein
  73. pneum/o
    lungs(air or gas)
  74. proct/o
    rectum
  75. prostat/o
    prostate gland
  76. pyel/o
    pelvis of kidney
  77. rect/o
    rectum and/or anus
  78. ren/i
    renal(kidney)
  79. rhin/o
    nose
  80. sacr/o
    sacrum
  81. salping/o
    fallopian tube
  82. splen/o
    spleen
  83. spondyl/o
    vertebra
  84. steth/o
    chest
  85. stomat/o
    mouth
  86. ten/o
    tendon
  87. thorac/a
    thorax(chest)
  88. thyr/o
    thyroid gland
  89. trache/o
    trachea
  90. tympan/o
    eardrum
  91. ureter/o
    ureter
  92. vas/o
    vessel
  93. ven/i
    vein
  94. -age
    related to
  95. -centesis
    surgical puncture
  96. -cid
    kill
  97. -cis
    cut, kill, excise
  98. -clasis
    to break down, refracture
  99. -desis
    binding, stabilization
  100. -ectomy
    excision, removal
  101. -iatry
    healing(by a physician)
  102. -ion
    process
  103. -lysis
    loosen, free from adhesions, destruction
  104. -osis
    condition of
  105. -os/tomy
    mouth, forming an opening
  106. -pexy
    fixation, suspension
  107. -plasty
    formation, plastic repair
  108. -stasis
    stop/control
  109. -therapy
    treatment
  110. -tomy
    incision, to cut into
  111. -tripsy
    to crush
  112. -algia
    pain
  113. -cele
    hernai, swelling
  114. -dynia
    pain
  115. -ectasis
    dilation, expansion
  116. -emia
    blood
  117. -gen
    producing, beginning
  118. -gram
    record, picture
  119. -graph
    instrument for recording
  120. -graphy
    process of recording
  121. -iasis
    abnormal condition, formationof, presence of
  122. -itis
    inflammation
  123. -logy
    study of
  124. -malacia
    softening
  125. -megaly
    enlargement
  126. -meter
    instrument for measuring
  127. -metry
    process of measuring
  128. -oid
    resemble
  129. -oma
    tumor
  130. -osis
    abnormal condition
  131. -pathy
    disease
  132. -penia
    decrease, deficiency
  133. -phagia
    eating, swallowing
  134. -phasia
    speech
  135. -phobia
    fear
  136. -plegia
    paralysis
  137. -ptosis
    prolapse, falling, dropping
  138. -rrhage
    burst forth
  139. -rrhea
    discharge, flow
  140. -rrhexis
    rupture
  141. -sclerosis
    hardening
  142. -scopy
    examination, view
  143. -spasm
    involutary contraction, twitching of a muscle

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