chp 5 numbers, positions, and directions

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Author:
HPRO120
ID:
262339
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chp 5 numbers, positions, and directions
Updated:
2014-02-17 02:05:41
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med term bellevue college chapter
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medical terminology
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  1. uni-(mono-)
    one
  2. bi-(diplo-)
    two(double), twice
  3. gemin-
    double, pair
  4. tri-
    three
  5. quadri-
    four
  6. tetra-
    four
  7. quint-
    five
  8. sext-, sexti-
    six
  9. sept-, septi-
    seven
  10. octa-(octo-)
    eight
  11. nona-
    nine
  12. deca-
    ten
  13. multi-
    many(more than one)
  14. primi-
    first
  15. semi-
    half(partially)
  16. hemi-
    half, also one-sided
  17. ambi-
    both or both sides
  18. null-
    none
  19. pan-
    all
  20. ab-
    away from
  21. ad-
    toward
  22. ante-
    before, in front
  23. circum-
    around
  24. contra-
    opposition, against
  25. de-
    down, away from
  26. dia-
    through
  27. ecto-, exo-
    outside
  28. endo-
    within
  29. epi-
    upon, over
  30. extra-
    outside
  31. infra-(sub)
    below, under
  32. intra-
    inside
  33. ipsi-(iso)
    same(equal)
  34. ir-
    into, toward
  35. meso-
    middle, pertaining to mesentery
  36. meta-(supra)
    after, beyond, over; change or transformation; following in a series
  37. para-
    near, beside
  38. peri-
    around, surrounding
  39. retro-
    behind, backward
  40. sub-
    under, near
  41. trans-
    across, through
  42. anterior
    situated at or directed toward the front; opposite of posterior
  43. posterior
    directed toward or situated at the back; opposite of anterior
  44. cephalic
    pertaining to the head, or the head end of the body
  45. caudal
    situated toward the tail(coccygeal area)
  46. decubitus
    the act of lying down; the position assumed in lying down
  47. eversion
    a turning inside out; a turning outward
  48. extension
    the movement bringing the members of a limb into or towrad a straight condition
  49. flexion
    the act of bending or the condition of being bent
  50. Fowler's
    the head of the patient's bed is raised 18-20 inches above level
  51. internal
    situated or occurring within or on the inside
  52. external
    situated or occurring on the outside
  53. knee-chest
    the patient rests on his or her knees and chest; the head is turned to one side, and the arms are extended on teh bed, the elbows flexed and resting so that they partially bear the weight of the patient
  54. lateral
    situated away from the midline of the body; pertaining to the side
  55. bilateral
    having two sides; pertaining to both sides
  56. lithotomy
    position in which the patient lies on his or her back, ligs flexed on the thighs, thighs flexed on the abdomen and abducted
  57. medial
    situated toward the midline
  58. oblique
    slanting; incline
  59. peripheral
    an outward structure or surface; the portion of a system outside the central region
  60. proximal
    toward the center or median line; the oint of attachment or origin
  61. distal
    remote; farther from any point of reference
  62. quadrant
    one of four correspoinding parts, or quarters, as of the surface of the abdomen or the field of vision
  63. recumbent
    lying down
  64. rotation
    the process of turning around an axis
  65. Sims'
    the patient lies on his or her left side and chest, the right knee and thigh drawn up, the left arm along the back
  66. sinistro
    left; left side
  67. dextro
    right; right side
  68. superior
    situated above, or directed upward
  69. inferior
    situated below, or directed downward
  70. supine
    lying with the face upward or on the dorsal surface
  71. supination
    the act of placing or lying on the back
  72. prone
    lying face downward or on the ventral surface
  73. pronation
    the act of assuming the prone position
  74. trans
    through; across; beyond
  75. Trendelenburg's
    the patient is supine on a surface inclined 45 degrees, the head lowre than the legs
  76. upright
    perpendicular; vertical; erect in carriage or posture

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