PSY 325

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Author:
oleekins
ID:
262472
Filename:
PSY 325
Updated:
2014-02-18 00:55:48
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Cognitive Psychology
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Good to know
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lallalalala
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  1. Attention
    The ability to focus on specific stimuli and location
  2. Selective Attention is
    The ability to focus on ONE specific location, object or message
  3. Overt Attention
    Process of shifting attention from one place to another
  4. Covert Attention
    Attention is shifted without moving the eyes (Acting like you're reading a newspaper while really checking someone out behind the newspaper)
  5. Divided attention
    Attending to two or more things at one. It can be overt or covert, or a combination of both.
  6. Dichotic listening
    When one message is going into the left ear and another message is going into the right ear
  7. Broadbent model of attention
    Message is received, sensory memory, filter, detector process, and short term memory
  8. Frontal cortex is in charge of
    • -Reasoning and planning
    • -Language, thought, memory, motor functioning
    • -Helps coordinate multiple sensory information
  9. Parietal is in charge of
    • -Touch
    • -Temperature
    • -Pain and pressure
  10. Temporal is in charge of
    • -Auditory and perceptual processing
    • -Language, hearing, memory and perceiving forms
  11. Localization of Function: Limbic system
    • Hippocampus:forming memories
    • Amygdala: emotions and emotional memories
    • Thalamus: Procession information from vision, hearing and touch senses
  12. Fusiform face area responds specifically to faces
    Temporal lobe damage causes prospoagnosia which is the inability to recognize faces
  13. Distributed processing
    Specific functions are processed by many different brain areas
  14. Bottom-Up processing
    • -Perception comes from stimuli in the environment
    • -Parts are identified and put together, and then recognition occurs
  15. Top-Down Processing
    • People actively construct perceptions using information based on expectations.
    •       -Involves making inferences based on context, guessing from experiences, and basing on perception on another. It occurs quickly and automaticall
  16. Geons
    Objects are recognized when enough information is available to identify the objects.
  17. Perceiving size (Bottom up)
    The size of the image on the retina
  18. Perceiving size (Top down)
    • The perceived distance of the object
    • The size of the object relative to other objects in the environment
    • (The rat on the train tracks picture)
  19. Gesalt laws of perception
    • Good contribution-lines tend to be seen as following the smoothest path
    • Good figure-every stimulus pattern is seen so the resulting structure is as simple as possible
    • Similarity-Similar things appear grouped together
    • Familiarity-Things more likely to form groups if the groups appear familiar or meaningful (seeing objects in the clouds)
    • Proximity-Things near each other appear grouped together
    • Common fate-Things moving in the same direction appear to be grouped together (flock of birds)

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