Speech Midterm

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Author:
ds0029
ID:
262504
Filename:
Speech Midterm
Updated:
2014-02-17 21:59:21
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Communication
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Description:
CM 113-05 Midterm
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  1. Four characteristics of public speaking 
    • Communication between audience and speaker
    • Spoken
    • Prepared
    • Audience centered
  2. What is the difference between the linear and transactional model
    • Linear – I speak, you listen
    • Transactional – communication
  3. elements that make up the transactional model 
    Message, feedback, encoding, decoding, noise, channels, shared meaning, verbal signals, nonverbal signals, speaker
  4. three common issues of first time speakers
    • Leave too little time for preparation and planning
    • Fails assignment
    • Focus on length rather than quality
  5. define the five canons of rhetoric 

    • Invention – ideas that make up your speech
    • Arrangement – how you organizing your speech
    • Style – word choice and language in your speech
    • Memory – preparation put into memorizing and delivering your speech
    • Delivery – presentation of your speech
  6. generic speech involves 
    • No audience analysis
    • Same speech in same tone
    • Audience gets bored and not interested
  7. the three valuable results that come from a speaker tailoring their message to the audience 
    • Audience pay attention
    • Positive attitude toward speaker
    • More likely to be open to message
  8. define the 4 different types of situational audience characteristics
    • Size – how large your audience is
    • Time – What time of day giving the speech (4pm on Friday versus 9am on Monday)
    • Location – Classroom or audoritium, mic or voice
    • Mobility – Moving or standing still
  9. different ways to select the best topic 
    • Consider your audience
    • Consider your own knowledge and interest
    • Consider the assignment
    • Consider Speech Context
    • Pick a topic and stick with it
  10. definition of rhetorical purpose
    Intended effect on audience
  11. three types of rhetorical purpose
    • To inform
    • To persuade
    • To mark a special occasion
  12. definition of specific purpose and what a specific purpose should provide in the speech
    • Guidelines of what to include and not include in speech
    • Sidelines of football field, in bounds and out of bounds
  13. definition of a thesis statement
    Goal you hope you accomplish
  14. guidelines of a thesis statement that will help convey the purpose and topic to the audience effectively and accurately.
    • Express your intention
    • be consistent with specific purpose
    • one sentence
  15. Two reasons researching is important
    Evidence and Credibility
  16. different ways to evaluate source material
    • Expertise
    • objectivity (bias)
    • observational capacity
    • Recency
  17. Benefits of Internet Research 
    • Fast
    • Anytime
    • Online journals
    • Lots of information
  18. Disadvantages of Internet Research
    • Not always credible
    • Most of knowledge is still in books
  19. evaluate the credibility of on-line sources
    • Ads on page?
    • Evaluate both sides of the argument
    • Other websites with same information
    • Links on website are credible?
  20. the steps to presenting evidence in your speech
    • Research and write down all information
    • Cite in outline and in speech
    • Paraphrase responsibly
  21. four reasons to use supporting materials 
    • Build audience interest
    • Enhance audience understanding
    • Win audience agreement
    • Evoke audience emotion
  22. difference between a brief and extended example
    • Brief – one sentence
    • Extended example – more than one sentence
  23. different types of definitions
    • Dictionary – what is in the dictionary
    • Expert – what an expert says
    • Etymological – linguistic
    • Functional – how used
  24. difference between the two types of testimony 
    • Lay – testimony by average person
    • Expert – testimony by person with great knowledge in subject
  25. the guidelines for using statistics
    • Establish context
    • Limit number
    • Use visual aids
  26. What is an analogy?
    Comparison of two things
  27. the guidelines for using supporting materials
    • Appeal to different learning styles
    • Consider audience
    • Respect available time
    • Use a variety of different sources
    • Avoid long lists
    • Choose most credible proof
  28. difference between the types of learning styles
    • Active learners – do
    • Reflective – think
    • Visual – see
    • Verbal - hear
  29. differences between oral and written language
    • Oral – incorporates repetition 
    • More adaptive
    • Simpler

  30. difference between denotative and connotative meaning
    • Denotative meaning – dictionary
    • Connotative – what we think of
  31. the ways to present your message clearly
    • Use concrete words
    • Use concise language
    • Proper use of words
    • Use understandable language
  32. Understand the language elements
    • Jargon – tech terms
    • Simile – uses like or as
    • Metaphor – implicit comparison
    • Imagery – very descriptive
    • Gender-neutral – their instead of he/she
  33. goal of an informative speech involves
    o teach audience about something and increases understanding, awareness, and sensitivity to the topic
  34. examples of the different types of informative speaking 
    • Objects - toy
    • Process – decopodge
    • Events- Sochi 2014
    • Ideas – beliefs
    • People – music singers
  35. important covets of an informative speech and why
    Simplicity and clarity – without those two things, can’t understand a speech
  36. Be able to define and/or give examples of the different techniques of informative speaking
    • Demonstration
    • Definition
    • Example
    • Description
    • Narrative
  37. examples of the different organizational patterns
    • Causal (Cause and Effect)
    • Spatial
    • Temporal
    • Problem-cause-solution
    • Criteria-Application
    • Categorical
    • Narrative             

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