Chapter 7

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Author:
Steven23
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262542
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Chapter 7
Updated:
2014-02-18 00:48:34
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Anatomy, Physiology, and Medical Terminology
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  1. Anatomy
    The structure of the body
  2. Physiology
    The function of the living body and its parts.
  3. Anatomical Position
    Thepatient is standing erect, facing forward, with arms down at the sides, and palms forward
  4. Anatomical Planes
    Imaginary divisions of the body.
  5. Sagittal Planes
    Vertical plane that runs lengthwise and divides the body into right and left segments
  6. Midsagittal Plane
    Divides the body into two equal halves
  7. Frontal or Coronal Plane
    Divides the body into front and back halves
  8. Transverse or Horizontal Plane
    Parallel with the ground and divides the body into upper and lower halves
  9. Midaxillary Line
    Middle of the armpit down to the ankle
  10. Musculoskeletal System
    Consists of a bony framework, or skeleton, held together by ligaments that connect bone to bone, layers of muscle, tendons that connect muscles to bones, and various other connective tissues.
  11. Skeletal Muscle or Voluntary Muscle
    Can be contracted and relaxed by will of the individual.
  12. Smooth Muscle or Involuntary Muscle
    Made up of large fibers that carry out the automatic muscular functions of the body through rhythmic, wavelike movements.
  13. Cardiac Muscle
    Special kind of involuntary muscle particularly suited for the work of the heart
  14. Respiration
    The process of moving oxygen and carbon dioxide across membranes
  15. Oxygenation
    The form of respiration in which oxygen molecules move across a membrane from an area of high oxygen concentration to an area of low oxygen concentration
  16. Ventilation
    The mechanical process by which air is moved in and out of the lungs
  17. Carotid Arteries
    Supply the brain and head with blood
  18. Femoral Artery
    Major artery of the thigh and supplies the groin and leg with blood
  19. Dorsalis Pedis Artery
    Pulsations of the dorsalis pedis can be felt on the top of the foot
  20. Posterior Tibial Artery
    Travels through the calf to the foot
  21. Brachial Artery
    Major artery of the upper arm
  22. Radial Artery
    Major artery of the arm distal to the elbow joint
  23. Pulmonary Arteries
    Carry oxygen-depleted blood to the lungs
  24. Venae Cavae
    Carry oxygen-depleted blood back to the right atrium
  25. Hydrostatic Pressure
    The force exerted on the inside of the vessel walls as a result of the blood pressure and volume.
  26. Edema
    Swelling occurring in the tissues
  27. Central Nervous System
    Consists of the brain and spinal cord
  28. Peripheral Nervous System
    Composed of nerves located outside the spinal cord and brain
  29. Voluntary Nervous System
    Influences the activity of skeletal muscles and movements
  30. Autonomic Nervous System
    Influences the activity of smooth muscles and glands
  31. Endocrine System
    Made up of ductless glands, the body regulators

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