Card Set Information
Anatomy, Physiology, and Medical Terminology
The structure of the body
The function of the living body and its parts.
Thepatient is standing erect, facing forward, with arms down at the sides, and palms forward
Imaginary divisions of the body.
Vertical plane that runs lengthwise and divides the body into right and left segments
Divides the body into two equal halves
Frontal or Coronal Plane
Divides the body into front and back halves
Transverse or Horizontal Plane
Parallel with the ground and divides the body into upper and lower halves
Middle of the armpit down to the ankle
Consists of a bony framework, or skeleton, held together by ligaments that connect bone to bone, layers of muscle, tendons that connect muscles to bones, and various other connective tissues.
Skeletal Muscle or Voluntary Muscle
Can be contracted and relaxed by will of the individual.
Smooth Muscle or Involuntary Muscle
Made up of large fibers that carry out the automatic muscular functions of the body through rhythmic, wavelike movements.
Special kind of involuntary muscle particularly suited for the work of the heart
The process of moving oxygen and carbon dioxide across membranes
The form of respiration in which oxygen molecules move across a membrane from an area of high oxygen concentration to an area of low oxygen concentration
The mechanical process by which air is moved in and out of the lungs
Supply the brain and head with blood
Major artery of the thigh and supplies the groin and leg with blood
Dorsalis Pedis Artery
Pulsations of the dorsalis pedis can be felt on the top of the foot
Posterior Tibial Artery
Travels through the calf to the foot
Major artery of the upper arm
Major artery of the arm distal to the elbow joint
Carry oxygen-depleted blood to the lungs
Carry oxygen-depleted blood back to the right atrium
The force exerted on the inside of the vessel walls as a result of the blood pressure and volume.
Swelling occurring in the tissues
Central Nervous System
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
Composed of nerves located outside the spinal cord and brain
Voluntary Nervous System
Influences the activity of skeletal muscles and movements
Autonomic Nervous System
Influences the activity of smooth muscles and glands
Made up of ductless glands, the body regulators