Card Set Information

2014-02-18 02:17:04
dance 100

study hard
Show Answers:

  1. 1. What is the anatomical term for freely-movable joints?
    (A: Synovial joints)
  2. 2. What kind of cartilage provides stability, helps shape a joint and guides motion?
    (A: fibrocartilage)
  3. 3. What provides nutrients to cartilage?
    (A: Synovial Fluid being released by the motion of the joint)
  4. 4. What produces synovial fluid?
    (A: Bursa or bursae)
  5. 5. What kind of cartilage decreases friction and heat?
    (A: hyaline / articular cartilage)
  6. 6. When you see the suffix “-itis”, what does this alert you too?  
    (A: Inflammation)
  7. 7. True or False: Cartilage contains NO blood vessels or nerves.
    (A: True)
  8. 8. Begin standing in parallel 6th position. When going into ‘ballet turnout’, your femur/thigh bones are doing what kind of action within your hip sockets?
    (A: External or lateral rotation)
  9. 9. The sternum is ______ to the spine.
    (A: anterior)
  10. 10. True or False: Bone is dynamic living tissue.
    (A: True)
  11. Bonus:  According to Wolff’s Law, describe an example that relates to a dancer.
    example - say you’re performing in a show, 6 days a week for 3 months, and the choreography has multiple 1 handed lateral inversions - but only on the right side. According to Wolff’s Law, your right arm bones will develop to support this repetitive action, by becoming much stronger and more dense.
  12. What type of curve do I feel in my neck?
  13. While performing a battement to the front starting in first position and ending in first position, what plane of movement does the leg move in.  ( battement-  lifting the leg forward to waist height and lowering back down.) a. sagittal b. transverse c. frontal
    a. sagittal
  14. When you point your foot in dance, what is the anatomical term for this action?
    Plantar flexion
  15. How many degrees should my neck be able to bend to the side (tilting ear towards shoulder)?
    45 degrees
  16. How many vertebrae are in the thoracic region of the spine?
  17. what is the largest part of the pelvis?
  18. what is the second largest part of the pelvis?
  19. what is smallest part of the pelvis?
  20. The paired hip bones along with the sacrum and coccyx are calledthe?
    pelvic girdle
  21. Palpate your front hip crest. We will also demonstrate this. What isthis bone called?
    Anterior superior Illiac spine (ASIS)
  22. What bone functions as the “keystone” of the pelvis?
  23. If you bend forward creating hip flexion, and palpate medially of the A.S.I.S. while picking up each foot, which muscle can you feel engage?
  24. The anatomical term for “sitting bones” are?
    ischial tuberosities
  25. The ____________ in your hip and the ___________ in your knee are examples of _________, which provides increased stability to the joint.
    acetabular labrum, meniscus, fibrocartilage
  26. On the femur bone, the greater trochanter is located on the ______ side of the body, and ______ to the lesser trochanter.
    lateral, superior
  27. What is the name of the muscle that aids in Hip Flexion, Abduction, and External Rotation, and is also known as the “tailor’s muscle” ?
  28. Which is NOT a function of skeletal muscle tissue?
    decreases heat and friction
  29. What functional feature of a muscle is defined by being able to be stretched back to its original length by contraction of an opposing muscle OR Gravity?
  30. What type of muscle contraction occurs in the calf when you releve? (the calf muscles shorten)
  31. What type of muscle contraction occurs in the calf when you lower your heel from
    • a releve? (the calf muscles lengthen)
    • eccentric
  32. what is the lateral bone of the lower leg called?
  33. what is the medial bone of the lower leg called?
  34. Name one of the muscles in the Anterior Compartment of the Leg andthe corresponding function/action.
    • Dorsiflexes foot and extends toes; and any of the following:
    • -Tibialis anterior muscle
    • -Extensor digitorum longus muscle
    • -Extensor hallucis longus muscle
  35. Name both muscles in the Posterior Compartment of the Leg (Superficial muscles) and the corresponding function/action.
    • Plantarflexion of the foot;
    • Gastrocnemius and Soleus
  36. Define the difference between the roles of an agonist and antagonistmuscle.
    • Agonist - Prime Mover / Has primary responsibility for a movement
    • Antagonist - Opposes or reverses a movement
  37. name the bones of the foot starting with the ends of the foot to the heels?
    phalanges, metatarsals, tarsals
  38. what are the three different arches?
    transverse arch, lateral longitudinal arch, medial longitudinal arch
  39. If you begin in a tabletop position on hands and knees, then you
    • extend your right arm forward and left leg backwards, and return to
    • tabletop, this is an example of what kind of movement?
    • contralateral arm and leg
  40. A tri-planar motion of the ankle including plantar flexion, adduction,and inversion is:
  41. The forcing of “turnout” from the ankles and feet, instead of rotating
    • from the femurs (thigh bones) in the hip sockets, may cause excessive __________ in the ankles.
    • pronation
  42. The Achilles Tendon attaches to what tarsal bone?
  43. In order to get the most optimal gastrocnemius and soleus stretch while in a “runner’s stretch” or half lunge, you should be in:
    parallel in both legs
  44. What is the most commonly sprained ligament in the ankle/foot?
    Anterior Talofibular Ligament - most commonly sprained