Nutrition_CH8_Body.txt

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Nutrition_CH8_Body.txt
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  1. Hydrodensitometry is one way to estimate:

    A. body fat distribution
    B. risk factors associated with obesity
    C. appropriate weight for height
    D. actual body adiposity
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. BMI has replaced the % IBW because, unlike % IBW, BMI is always a valid indicator of body fatness.

    A. True
    B. False
    C. Other
    D. Another
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Which of the following represents a BMI range considered to be morbidly obese for adult men and women?

    A. 20-25
    B. 15-19
    C. 30-35
    D. 40-45
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. In the reference man and woman, respectively, what percentage of body weight is muscle?

    A. 12, 15
    B. 15, 27
    C. 27, 15
    D. 45, 36
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Recent evidence strongly suggests that bone density and lean body mass are significantly affected by heredity.

    A. Maybe
    B. True
    C. False
    D. Other
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. The PEA POD is used when conducting _____ in small children.

    A. bioelectrical impedance analysis
    B. absorptiometry
    C. total body electrical conductivity
    D. air-displacement plethysmography
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Lean body mass is the body component most significantly affected by _____.

    A. weight loss
    B. sex difference
    C. visceral fat increase
    D. cortisone production
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. The term lean body weight includes an allowance for the presence of _____.

    A. essential fat
    B. subcutaneous fat
    C. peripheral fat
    D. visceral fat
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Waist-to-hip ratios that indicate increased health risk for men and women, respectively, are _____.

    A. >40, > 35
    B. > 0.95, > 0.8
    C. > 10, > 15
    D. > 0.5, >0.5
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Which method used to determine body composition is based on the principle that lean body tissue is denser than adipose tissue?

    A. hydrostatic or underwater weighing
    B. infra-red interactance
    C. dual energy X-ray absorptiometry
    D. bioelectrical impedence analysis
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Which of the following techniques for measuring body composition is best for determining regional body composition?

    A. bioelectrical impedance
    B. total body water
    C. magnetic resonance imaging
    D. hydrodensitometry
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Which of the following techniques for measuring body composition makes use of small exposures to radiation?

    A. TOBEC
    B. BIA
    C. CAT
    D. MRI
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Which method used to determine body composition is based on the principle that electrical conductivity is greater in lean tissue than in adipose?

    A. hydrostatic or underwater weighing
    B. dual energy X-ray absorptiometry
    C. bioelectrical impedence analysis
    D. infra-red interactance
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. The rate of energy expenditure that sustains basic life processes in all cells in the awake state is a definition of _____.

    A. TOBEC
    B. BMR
    C. RMR
    D. BMI
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. The increase in energy expenditure associated with the body's processing of food is called _____.

    A. adaptive thermogenesis
    B. the basal energy expenditure
    C. the resting energy expenditure
    D. the thermic effect of food
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. The macronutrient(s) that contribute the lowest thermic effect of food are _____.

    A. carbohydrates
    B. mixed diet with at least 50% carbohydrate
    C. proteins
    D. fats
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Generation of heat is called:

    A. thermoregulation
    B. energy expenditure
    C. thermogenesis
    D. metabolic rate
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. An alteration in metabolism to maintain body core temperature is called:

    A. metabolic rate
    B. thermogenesis
    C. energy expenditure
    D. thermoregulation
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. When oxidized, which of the following provides the highest respiratory quotient?

    A. mixed diet
    B. carbohydrate
    C. fat
    D. protein
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. What is the RQ for a high-alcohol or low-carbohydrate diet?

    A. < 0.7
    B. < 0.8
    C. < 0.1
    D. < 0.85
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. In a clinical setting, which RQ suggests that the patient is starving?

    A. < 0.80
    B. < 0.70
    C. > 1.00
    D. < 0.90
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Which method of estimating energy expenditure requires the measurement of a urine sample?

    A. Indirect calorimetry
    B. Direct caorimetry
    C. Double labeled water method
    D. Mifflin-St. Jeor equation
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. The Harris-Benedict prediction equation requires knowledge of all of the following EXCEPT _____.

    A. age
    B. height
    C. body surface area
    D. weight
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. The Harris-Benedict equation and the Mifflin-St. Jeor equation were based on:

    A. body surface area.
    B. body weight raised to the power of three-fourths
    C. data from indirect calorimetry
    D. data from total daily energy expenditure measured by the doubly labeled water method
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Mr. Q, age 40, is 6' tall, weighs 180 pounds and leads an active life. The Harris-Benedict equation for men is 66.5 + (13.7 x W) + (5.0 x H) - (6.8 x A). Using the Harris-Benedict equation, calculate Mr. Q's BMR.

    A. BMR = 2031 kcal/day
    B. BMR = 1468 kcal/day
    C. BMR = 1830 kcal/day
    D. BMR = 2254 kcal/day
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. A 21-year-old female college student weighs 120 lb. and is 5'4" tall and has a medium frame. She is consuming approximately 2700 kcal daily. What are her total energy needs? The Harris-Benedict equation for women is 655.1 + (9.56 x W) + (1.85 x H) - (4.7 x A). Use 1.5 for the physical activity factor.

    A. 1379
    B. 2067
    C. 2309
    D. 2206
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. A 21-year-old female college student weighs 120 lb. and is 5'4" tall and has a medium frame. She is consuming approximately 2700 kcal daily. The Harris-Benedict equation for women is 655.1 + (9.56 x W) + (1.85 x H) - (4.7 x A). Use 1.5 for the physical activity factor. Her present diet of 2700 kcal:

    A. is meeting her kcal needs
    B. would cause about 1.0 lb per week weight loss
    C. would cause weight gain of about 1.0 lb per week
    D. needs to be increased by 300 kcal
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. A 21-year-old female college student weighs 120 lb, and is 5'4" tall and has a medium frame. What is this woman's IBW (in pounds) calculated using the modified Devine formula?

    A. 140
    B. 135
    C. 127
    D. 120
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. An individual with anorexia nervosa:

    A. seeks to eat without gaining weight
    B. is usually diagnosed with the female athlete triad
    C. characteristically experiences tooth enamel erosion
    D. is overly concerned with losing weight and being very thin.
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. Statistically, what percentage of individuals with anorexia nervosa are likely to die from malnutition, suicide or medica complications?

    A. about 15%
    B. about 5%
    C. about 50%
    D. about 30%
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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