Common Laboratory Test

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  1. Acid Phosphatase
    Early diagnosis of CA of the prostate
  2. Albumin
    Nutritional Status
  3. Alkaline Phosphatase
    Metabolic bone disorders, liver function
  4. Ammonia
    Evaluation of hepatic function
  5. Amylase
    Diagnosis of acute pancreatitis
  6. Bilirubin
    A bile pigment formed by the breakdown of erythrocytes, liver function
  7. Biochemical Profiles
    Many hospitals and laboratories offer various chemistry screen depending on the type f instrumentation available. Most profile include a panel of electrolytes and/or enzymes. The profiles may include Na, K,C1, LDH, CO, SGOI,SGPT,Bilirubin, Total Protein, BUN, Lactic Acid, Cholesterol, Glucose,Ca, Albumin, Creatinine, Uric Acid, etc.
  8. Bleeding Time, Duke method
    A skin puncture method done by the phlebotomist with a stopwatch and filter paper to determine the period of duration of bleeding. Normal:1-4min
  9. Bleeding Time, Ivy Method
    Also referred to as a Simplate test, a blood pressure cuff, stopwatch and a filter paper are used with a simplate device for the evaluation of platelet/vascular interaction. Normal:1-9min. for aspirin free patients
  10. Blood Culture
    Diagnosis of specific infectious disease
  11. Blood Gases
    Respiratory function, acid-base balance
  12. Blood Grouping & RH typing
    Separates  blood in 4 groups
  13. Bone Marrow
    The soft tissue in the center of the bone is separated and biopsied to diagnose malignancies
  14. Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN)
    Kidney function
  15. Calcium
    The most abundant mineral in the body and plays a key role in blood coagulation. Its levels are essential for the maintenance of normal heartbeat and normal functioning of nerves and muscles
  16. C02
    Carbon dioxide: Formed in the tissues and eliminated by the lungs. Evaluates acid-base balance
  17. Cardiac Profile
    Evaluation of the cardiac enzymes (CPK, LDH, etc)
  18. CBC
    Complete blood count: evaluation of peripheral blood parameters performed in hematology. Includes RBC, WBC,HGB,HCT, Indices.
  19. CEA
    Carcinoembryonic Antigen:Follow up of cancer patient
  20. Chloride
    Plays an important role in the maintenance of homeostasis. Decreased in pulmonary disease, electrolyte loss or renal disease
  21. Cholesterol
    A fat substance. Hypo or hyperlipidemia
  22. Clotting Time, Capillary
    A skin puncture test performed by the phlebotomist with a capillary tube, filter paper and stopwatch to determine the period of duration of coagulation of standardized skin puncture. Normal 3-6 minutes
  23. CPK (Creatine Phosphokinase)
    Cardiac or liver function.
  24. Creatinine
    Kidney function
  25. Crossmatch
    A blood bank  test for the transfusion of blood products
  26. Cytomegalovirus (CMV)
    One of the herpes viruses that causes cytomegalic inclusion disease (CID)
  27. Differential Blood Count
    Microscopic examination of white cells, platelet estimation and RBC morphology. Done on slides ( smears )
  28. Electrolytes "Lytes"
    Evaluation of renal function, and acid- base balance. Includes Na, K, Cl and CO2
  29. Eosinophil Count
    Investigation of allergic disorders, pin worms
  30. Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate ( ESR )
    The settling of cells in a volume of drawn blood. Inflammatory disease process.
  31. Factor Assays
    Coagulation Factors II,V,VII,VIII,IX,X,XII,XIII. Detects specific coagulation factor deficiencies
  32. Fibrin Split Products ( FSP )
    also Fibrin Degradation Products (FDP). This test measures the breakdown products of fibrin and fibrinogen
  33. Fibrinogen
    ( Factor I ) Fibrinogen is a plasma protein formed in the liver. It is converted to fibrin during the clotting process. Fibrin threads are a necessary basis for a firm blood clot. Therefore, lack of fibrinogen can lead to severe hemorrhage
  34. Gentamycin
    An antibiotic. levels are usually drawn before and after the dose given, ( Peak and Trough)
  35. Glucose
    A sugar also known as dextrose. Screening for Hypo and Hyperglycemia, carbohydrate metabolism disorders
  36. Glucose Tolerance Test (GTT)
    A metabolic test of carbohydrate tolerance, drawn at hourly intervals. Blood sugar should return to normal in 2- 21hrs. After ingesting 100g of glucose
  37. Hemoglobin
    The iron-containing pigment of red blood cell. It's function is to carry oxygen from the lungs to the tissues, included in the CBC
  38. Hepatitis Screens
    Individual tests for Hepatitis A or B, surface antigen or antibody; indicates remote or current infections
  39. Herpes Simplex 1 & 2
    Detects the non-genital and genital viral infections
  40. Iron and Iron Binding Capacity (Fe/IBC)
    Increases with liver disease; decreases with kidney disease, blood loss, cancer, malabsorption
  41. Lactose Tolerance test
    ( milk sugar ) To determine if the patient is deficient of the enzyme lactase. Drawn at hourly intervals after the patient has ingested 100g of lactose dissolved in water.
  42. LDH (Lactate Dehydrogenase)
    Increased with MI, liver disease and metastatic CA
  43. LE Cells; LE Prep ( Lupus Erythematosus )
    A connective tissue disorder
  44. Lipoprotein
    A type of fat in the blood
  45. Lithium
    A mood stabilizing drug
  46. Liver Profile
    Includes GGT, SGPT, Bilirubin, Alkaline Phosphate
  47. Magenesium
    Evaluation of metabolic disorders. decreases with renal disease, alcoholism, pancreatitis, malabsorption, etc.
  48. Monospot (Mononucleosis)
    A viral disease in which monocytes are increased and lymph nodes enlarged.
  49. Phosphorus
    Evaluation of phosphorus metabolism
  50. PT ( Prothrombin Time )
    A protein produced in the liver and is dependent on the presence of vitamin K. During the clotting process prothrombin is converted to thrombin ( Factor II) Evaluation of extrinsic coagulation system
  51. PTT ( Partial Thromboplastin Time)
    Evaluation of the intrinsic coagulation system. Patients on heparin therapy are monitored by a PTT
  52. Reticulocyte Count
    Young red blood cells newly delivered into the circulation from the bone marrow
  53. Rubella
    German measles
  54. Syphilis Test
    • May be called:
    • VDRL ( venereal disease research laboratories )
    • RPR ( rapid plasma reagin)
    • STS ( serologic test for syphilis ) 

    Many states require a syphilis test on all admissions and/or employees
  55. SGOT ( Serum Glutamic Oxalocetic Transaminase )
    Increases with liver disease, heart disease, skeletal muscle damage, MI
  56. SGPT ( Serum Glutamic Oxalocetic Transaminase )
    Increases with liver disease, hepatitis, cirrhosis, jaundice
  57. Sickle Cell
    Diagnosis of sickle cell anemia, a hereditary hemolytic anemia characterized by sickle-shaped erythrocytes
  58. Sodium
    Regulates water balance and acid base balance , increases with hypertension, kidney disease, dehydration, diabetes.
  59. Thyroid Studies
    Includes T3 , T4, T7, TSH, FTI. Determines thyroid function such as hypo or hyperthyroidism
  60. Triglycerides
    A type of fat in the blood
  61. Toxoplasmosis
    An infection similar to mononucleosis
  62. Uric Acid
    Increases with gout , uremia, acidosis
  63. Xylose Tolerance Test
    Also known as D-Xylose Absorption test. Blood and urine are collected after the patient has ingested 25g of Xylose, diagnosis of malabsorption syndrome
Card Set:
Common Laboratory Test
2014-04-13 05:06:27

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